Taxon: Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br.

Genus: Alstonia
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Alstonieae
Nomen number: 2688
Place of publication: Asclepiadeae 65. 1810 (Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1:75. 1811)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 19-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Feb-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Materials: fiber (for making paper fide F Males)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangxi, Yunnan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bangladesh ; Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia ; Laos ; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea ; Solomon Islands
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Queensland

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Indo-China: Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia Java


  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forster, P. I. 1992. A taxonomic revision of Alstonia (Apocynaceae) in Australia Austral. Syst. Bot. 5:751-752
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Kiew, R. et al., eds. Flora of peninsular Malaysia. 2010- (F Penins Malaya)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Royen, P. van et al. Manual of the forest trees of Papua and New Guinea. (Trees New Guinea)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. (F Hassan)
  • Sidiyasa, K. 1997. Taxonomy, phylogeny, and wood anatomy of Alstonia (Apocynaceae) (Blumea) suppl. 11:176-179.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  • Soerianegara, I. & R. H. M. J. Lemmens, eds. 1993. Timber trees: major commercial timbers (Pl Res SEAs) 5(1):88-89.
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.