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Taxon: Paspalum scrobiculatum L.

 
Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paspaleae
Subtribe: Paspalinae
Nomen number: 26917
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 1:29. 1767
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 07-Apr-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 354 (336 active, 316 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Human food:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina, Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, Northern Territory]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Ryukyu Islands] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Indochina

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1966. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 7:270-272.
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Paspalum+scrobiculatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  9. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  10. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  11. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  12. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  13. Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  15. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:185.
  18. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  19. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  20. Wet, J. M. J. de et al. 1983. Diversity in Kodo Millet, Paspalum scrobiculatum. Econ. Bot. 37:159-163.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  22. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun
  23. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  24. Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.

Check other web resources for Paspalum scrobiculatum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26917. Accessed 15 July 2019.