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Taxon: Paullinia cupana Kunth

Genus: Paullinia
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 27031
Place of publication: F. W. H. A. von Humboldt et al., Nov. gen. sp. 5:91[folio]; 5:117[quarto]. 1821
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (seed paste used in soft drinks, candy, & to flavor liquers) flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:100. 2000)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Social: stimulant

Distributional Range:


    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Pará]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Napo] Peru


    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Acre, Bahia, Mato Grosso, Rondônia]


  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. 2012. Sapindaceae. Flora of the Guianas. 29:1-196. Note: includes Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis in synoymy
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Arkcoll, D. B. & C. R. Clemenet. 1989. Potential new food crops from the Amazon. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. New crops for food and industry 162.
  4. Atroch, A. L. 2009. Avaliação e seleção de progênies de meios irmãos de guaranazeiro (Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis (Mart.) Ducke) utilizando caracteres morfo-agronômicos. Manaus. Doctoral Thesis UFAM/INPA. 1-72.
  5. de Souza C., A. das G. et al. 2012. Contribution of the institutions in the Northern region of Brazil to the development of plant cultivars and their impact on agriculture. Crop Breed. Appl. Biotechnol. S2:47-56.
  6. do Nascimento Filho, F. J. et al. 2001. Divergência genética entre clones de guaranazeiro. Pesq. Agropecu. Brasil. 36:501-506.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Paullinia+cupana&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  13. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  14. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  15. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: 1936-1971; new ser. 1980-
  16. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Medeiros, H. et al. 2016. Wild relatives of guaraná (Paullinia cupana, Sapindaceae) in southwestern Brazilian Amazon. Syst. Bot. 41:202-228. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  21. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense. Note: cultivated
  22. Schimpl, F. C. et al. 2013. Guarana: Revisiting a highly caffeinated plant from the Amazon. J. Ethnopharmacol. 150:14-31.
  23. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 16:99.

Check other web resources for Paullinia cupana Kunth :

  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27031. Accessed 26 February 2020.