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Taxon: Peganum harmala L.

 
Genus: Peganum
Family: Nitrariaceae
Nomen number: 27098
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:444. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 (4 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mauritania

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (w.)
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (s.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Romania, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain


    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  10. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  11. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  12. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  14. Middleditch, B. S. & A. M. Amer Kuwaiti plants: distribution, traditional medicine, phytochemistry,... economic value (Studies in Plant Science 2). (Kuwait Pl)
  15. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  17. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  18. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  20. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  21. Rollins, R. C. & I. A. Al-Shehbaz 1986. Weeds of south-west Asia in North America with special reference to the Cruciferae Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 89B:298.
  22. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  23. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  25. Watson, J. F. Index to the native and scientific names of Indian and other eastern economic plants and products. 1868 (Names Watson)
  26. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Peganum harmala L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed cluster: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27098. Accessed 16 November 2018.