Taxon: Persea americana Mill.

 
Genus: Persea
Subgenus: Persea
Family: Lauraceae
Nomen number: 27393
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Persea no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Dec-2007
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 170 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of avocado (fide Avocado 2nd ed, 4:35. 2013)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco]
    • Mexico (s.)

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, [Corozal] Costa Rica, [Alajuela, Puntarenas] Costa Rica, [Alajuela, Puntarenas] El Salvador, [Chalatenango, Santa Ana] El Salvador, [Chalatenango, Santa Ana] Guatemala, [Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Huehuetenango, Jalapa, Quiche, Solola, Zacapa] Guatemala, [Baja Verapaz, Chimaltenango, Huehuetenango, Jalapa, Quiche, Solola, Zacapa] Honduras, [Atlantida, Copan, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Intibuca] Honduras, [Atlantida, Copan, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Intibuca] Nicaragua, [Granada, Madriz, Matagalpa] Nicaragua [Granada, Madriz, Matagalpa]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Amazonas (requires confirmation)]


    Cultivated



    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo Leon]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, [Cartago, San Jose] El Salvador, [San Salvador] Honduras, [Olancho] Nicaragua, [Chontales, Jinotega] Panama, [Chiriqui, Panama] Panama [Chiriqui, Panama]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela


    Naturalized

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia, Pitcairn


    Other (origin Mesoamerica)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ashworth, V. E. T. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 8. Persea (Wild Crop Rel Trp Fr) 173-188.
  3. Burger, W. C., ed. Flora costaricensis. (F CostaR)
  4. Chanderbali, A. S. et al. 2013. Chapter 3. Taxonomy and botany (Avocado 2nd ed) 35.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  9. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  10. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  11. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  12. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Kopp, L. E. 1966. A taxonomic revision of the genus Persea in the Western Hemisphere (Perseae-Lauraceae) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(1):15.
  15. Liogier, A. H. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-. (F Hispan)
  16. Liogier, H. A. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands. (F PuertoR)
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  19. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Scora, R. W. et al. 2002. Taxonomy and botany (Avocado) 19-23.
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  23. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  24. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. (F VenGuay)
  25. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:249.
  26. Wagner, W. L. et al. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i. 1990 (F Hawaii)
  27. Williams, L. O. 1977. The avocados, a synopsis of the genus Persea, subg. Persea Econ. Bot. 31:315-320.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Persea americana Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27393. Accessed 22 April 2018.