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Taxon: Persea americana Mill.

 
Genus: Persea
Subgenus: Persea
Family: Lauraceae
Nomen number: 27393
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Persea no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 651 (170 active, 166 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo, Tabasco]
    • Mexico (s.)

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, [Corozal] Costa Rica, [Alajuela, Puntarenas] Costa Rica, [Alajuela, Puntarenas] El Salvador, [Chalatenango, Santa Ana] El Salvador, [Chalatenango, Santa Ana] Guatemala, [Baja Verapaz, Huehuetenango, Jalapa, Zacapa, Chimaltenango, Quiche, Sololá] Guatemala, [Baja Verapaz, Huehuetenango, Jalapa, Zacapa, Chimaltenango, Quiche, Sololá] Honduras, [Atlántida, Copán, El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Intibucá] Honduras, [Atlántida, Copán, El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Intibucá] Nicaragua, [Granada, Madriz, Matagalpa] Nicaragua [Granada, Madriz, Matagalpa]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela [Amazonas (requires confirmation)]


    Cultivated



    Northern America
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Nuevo León]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, [Cartago, San José] El Salvador, [San Salvador] Honduras, [Olancho] Nicaragua, [Chontales, Jinotega] Panama, [Chiriquí, Panamá] Panama [Chiriquí, Panamá]
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela


    Naturalized

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia, Pitcairn


    Other (origin Mesoamerica)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ashworth, V. E. T. M. et al. 2011. Chapter 8. Persea. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, tropical and subtropical fruits 173-188.
  3. Burger, W. C., ed. 1971-. Flora costaricensis.
  4. Chanderbali, A. S. et al. 2013. Chapter 3. Taxonomy and botany. The avocado: botany, production and uses 35.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Persea+americana&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  9. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  10. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  11. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  12. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  14. Kopp, L. E. 1966. A taxonomic revision of the genus Persea in the Western Hemisphere (Perseae-Lauraceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(1):15.
  15. Liogier, H. A. 1981-. Flora of Hispaniola: Part 1; La Flora de la Española. Part II-.
  16. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  17. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Scora, R. W. et al. 2002. Taxonomy and botany. The avocado: botany, production and uses 19-23. Note: this review accepts Persea americana with varieties
  22. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  23. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  24. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  25. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:249.
  26. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  27. Williams, L. O. 1977. The avocados, a synopsis of the genus Persea, subg. Persea. Econ. Bot. 31:315-320.
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Persea americana Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27393. Accessed 22 July 2019.