Taxon: Phalaris minor Retz.

 
Genus: Phalaris
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Phalaridinae
Nomen number: 27523
Place of publication: Observ. bot. 3:8. 1783
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 25-Jan-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Oct-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 47 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for livestock or for birdseed fide Webbia 49:280. 1995; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: forage (for livestock or for birdseed fide Webbia 49:280. 1995; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany, Netherlands
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Kyushu (n.)]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baldini, R. M. 1995. Revision of the genus Phalaris L. (Gramineae) (Webbia) 49:279.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  4. Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  8. Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  9. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Hammel, B. E. et al., eds. Manual de plantas de Costa Rica. 2003- (Man CostaR)
  12. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  13. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  14. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  15. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  16. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  17. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  18. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  23. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  24. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:485.
  25. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:169.
  26. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-380.
  27. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  28. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  29. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Phalaris minor Retz. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=27523. Accessed 25 April 2018.