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Taxon: Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28045
Place of publication: Prov. Agric. Hort. Ill. 19:293-295, figs. 67-68. 1882, nom. cons.
Link to protologue:
  • • conserved (nom. cons., Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4 & App. IV) against the heterotypic synonym Phoenix cycadifolia Regel, nom. rej.
  • • species authorship is changed from "hort. ex Chabaud" to Hermann Wildpret based on Chabaud's comment on the inclusion of Wildpret's note- see Taxon 62:1276. 2013
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Canary date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Canary Island date palm  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Canary Island palm  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • dattier des Canaries  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • kanarische Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • tamareira-das-Canárias  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • palmera Canaria  (Source: Kew Bull) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]

    Cultivated (widely cult. in subtropics)


  1. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66. Taxon 63:1367. Note: proposal recommended
  2. Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:539.
  3. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  5. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  6. González-Pérez, M. A. & P. A. Sosa. 2009. Hybridization and introgression between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the introduced P. dactylifera in the Canary Islands. Open Forest Sci. J. 2:78-85.
  7. González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Allozyme variation and structure of the Canarian endemic palm tree Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae): implications for conservation. Heredity 93:307-315.
  8. González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Molecular evidence of hybridisation between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the widespread P. dactylifera with Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. Pl. Syst. Evol. 247:165-175.
  9. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  12. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:156.
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  19. Rivera, D. et al. 2013. (2238) Proposal to conserve Phoenix canariensis against P. cycadifolia (Arecaceae). Taxon 62:1337-1338.
  20. Rivera, D. et al. 2013. A review of the nomenclature and typification of the Canary Islands endemic palm, Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae). Taxon 62:1275-1282.
  21. Rivera, D. et al. 2014. The date palm with blue dates Phoenix senegalensis Andre (Arecaceae): A horticultural enigma is solved. Sci. Hort. 180:236-242.
  22. Rivera, D. et al. 2019. Nomenclature and typification of Phoenix senegalensis (Arecaceae). Taxon 68:370-378. DOI: 10.1002/tax.12051
  23. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  24. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  25. Wilson, K. L. 2016. Report of the General Committee: 15. Taxon 65:1150. Note: proposal recommended
  26. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28045. Accessed 22 November 2019.