Taxon: Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28045
Place of publication: Prov. Agric. Hort. Ill. 19:293-295, figs. 67-68. 1882, nom. cons. prop.
Link to protologue:
  • • [proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) P. cycadifolia Regel, nom. rej. prop.]
  • • species authorship is changed from "hort. ex Chabaud" to Hermann Wildpret based on Chabaud's comment on the inclusion of Wildpret's note- see Taxon 62:1276. 2013
Name Verified on: 03-Jan-2014 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • Canary date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Canary Island date palm  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Canary Island palm  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • dattier des Canaries  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • kanarische Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • tamareira-das-Canárias  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • palmera Canaria  (Source: Kew Bull) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date (based on evidence of hybridization with Phoenix dactylifera fide Pl Syst Evol 247:169, 170, 172. 2004)

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]

    Cultivated (widely cult. in subtropics)


  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1367.
  3. Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae) Kew Bull. 53:539.
  4. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. González-Pérez, M. A. & P. A. Sosa 2009. Hybridization and introgression between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the introduced P. dactylifera in the Canary Islands Open Forest Sci. J. 2:78-85.
  8. González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Molecular evidence of hybridisation between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the widespread P. dactylifera with Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 247:165-175.
  9. González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Allozyme variation and structure of the Canarian endemic palm tree Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae): implications for conservation (Heredity) 93:307-315.
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  14. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  15. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:156.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  20. Rivera, D. et al. 2013. (2238) Proposal to conserve Phoenix canariensis against P. cycadifolia (Arecaceae) (Taxon) 62:1337-1338.
  21. Rivera, D. et al. 2013. A review of the nomenclature and typification of the Canary Islands endemic palm, Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae) (Taxon) 62:1275-1282.
  22. Rivera, D. et al. 2014. The date palm with blue dates Phoenix senegalensis Andre (Arecaceae): A horticultural enigma is solved Sci. Hort. 180:236-242.
  23. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  24. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: Accessed 23 June 2018.