Taxon: Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret

Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28045
Place of publication: Prov. Agric. Hort. Ill. 19:293-295, figs. 67-68. 1882, nom. cons. prop.
Link to protologue:
  • • [proposed for conservation (nom. cons. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) P. cycadifolia Regel, nom. rej. prop.]
  • • species authorship is changed from "hort. ex Chabaud" to Hermann Wildpret based on Chabaud's comment on the inclusion of Wildpret's note- see Taxon 62:1276. 2013
Name Verified on: 03-Jan-2014 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Canary date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • Canary Island date palm  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Canary Island palm  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • dattier des Canaries  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • kanarische Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • tamareira-das-Canárias  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • palmera Canaria  (Source: Kew Bull) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Hortus 3)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of date (based on evidence of hybridization with Phoenix dactylifera fide Pl Syst Evol 247:169, 170, 172. 2004)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands

  • Cultivated


  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1367.
  • Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae) Kew Bull. 53:539.
  • Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. 1953-1972 (F EthiopCuf)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • González-Pérez, M. A. & P. A. Sosa 2009. Hybridization and introgression between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the introduced P. dactylifera in the Canary Islands Open Forest Sci. J. 2:78-85.
  • González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Molecular evidence of hybridisation between the endemic Phoenix canariensis and the widespread P. dactylifera with Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers Pl. Syst. Evol. 247:165-175.
  • González-Pérez, M. A. et al. 2004. Allozyme variation and structure of the Canarian endemic palm tree Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae): implications for conservation (Heredity) 93:307-315.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms (Principes) 7:156.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. 1965- (F SCatarin)
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2013. (2238) Proposal to conserve Phoenix canariensis against P. cycadifolia (Arecaceae) (Taxon) 62:1337-1338.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2013. A review of the nomenclature and typification of the Canary Islands endemic palm, Phoenix canariensis (Arecaceae) (Taxon) 62:1275-1282.
  • Rivera, D. et al. 2014. The date palm with blue dates Phoenix senegalensis Andre (Arecaceae): A horticultural enigma is solved Sci. Hort. 180:236-242.
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)


Check other web resources for Phoenix canariensis H. Wildpret :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image