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Taxon: Phoenix dactylifera L.

 
Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28046
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1188. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/359209
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1414 (143 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Kew Bull 53:548. 1998)
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food: fruit
  • Materials: wood
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (only cult.)

    Uncertain

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman (wild populations)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Al-Khalifah, N. S. & E. Askari. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from Saudi Arabia by DNA fingerprinting. Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:1266-1270.
  3. Al-Mahmoud, M. E. et al. 2012. DNA-based assays to distinguish date palm (Arecaceae) gender. Amer. J. Bot. 99:e7-e10.
  4. Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:544.
  5. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  6. Doyle, M. F. & D. Fuller. 1998. Palms of Fiji-I. Endemic, indigenous, and naturalized species:changes in nomenclature.... Harvard Pap. Bot. 3:95-100.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Phoenix+dactylifera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gros-Balthazard, M. et al. 2016. The domestication syndrome in Phoenix dactylifera seeds: Toward the identification of wild date palm populations. PLoS One 11(3): e0152394. Pages 1-21.
  12. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  13. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  14. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  15. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  16. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:157.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  22. Norton, J. et al. 2009. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar.
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity. Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  25. Pintaud, J.-C. 2010. Modèle de domestication et structure de l'agrobiodiversité du palmier dattier (Phoenix dactylifera L.). Biotechnologies du palmier dattier. IRD Éditions. Paris 107-111. Note: it proposed a domestication model from wild populations of Phoenix dactylifera itself
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  27. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  28. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  29. Rivera, D. et al. 2008. Morphological systematics of date-palm diversity (Phoenix, Arecaceae) in western Europe and some preliminary molecular results. Acta Hort. 799:97-104
  30. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  31. Terral, J.-F. et al. 2012. Insights into the historical biogeography of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) using geometric morphometry of modern and ancient seeds. J. Biogeogr. 39:929-941.
  32. Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  33. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  34. Yang, M. et al. 2010. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.). PLoS One 5:e12672.
  35. Zehdi-Azouzi, S. et al. 2015. Genetic structure of the date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) in the Old World reveals a strong differentiation between eastern and western populations. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:101-112.

Check other web resources for Phoenix dactylifera L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28046. Accessed 22 July 2019.