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Taxon: Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

 
Genus: Phoenix
Family: Arecaceae (alt.Palmae)
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Phoeniceae
Nomen number: 28054
Place of publication: Fragm. bot. 1:27, t. 24. 1801 ("1809")
Link to protologue:
Comment: for date of publication of fascicles 1 & 2 of this work see comments in Ann. Bot. (König & Sims) 1: 20, 64. 1804
Name Verified on: 14-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 46 (7 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • Senegal date palm  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • wild date palm  (Source: Use Pl Ghana) - English
  • dattier du Ségégal  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • Senegal-Dattelpalme  (Source: Zander Ency) - German

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, South Africa [Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar (n. & s.w.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia (s.), Yemen


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Abbiw, D. K. 1990. Useful plants of Ghana Intermediate Technology Publications & Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  2. Andrews, F. W. 1950-1956. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  4. Ballardini, M. et al. 2013. The chloroplast DNA locus psbZ-trnfM as a potential barcode marker in Phoenix L. (Arecaceae). ZooKeys 365:71-82.
  5. Barrow, S. C. 1998. A monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Kew Bull. 53:533.
  6. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  7. Dransfield, J. & H. Beentje. 1995. The palms of Madagascar
  8. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  11. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Phoenix+reclinata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  14. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  15. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  17. Mjoli, N. & C. M. Shackleton. 2015. The trade in and hpusehold use of Phoenix reclinata palm frond hand brushes on the Wild Coast, South Africa. Econ. Bot. 69:218-229.
  18. Moore, H. E., Jr. 1963. An annotated checklist of cultivated palms. Principes 7:157.
  19. Pintaud, J.-C. et al. 2013. Biogeography of the Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L., Arecaceae): Insights on the origin and on the structure of modern diversity. Acta Hort. 994:19-38.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  22. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  23. Thulin, M., ed. 1993-. Flora of Somalia.
  24. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  25. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Phoenix reclinata Jacq. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28054. Accessed 28 May 2020.