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Taxon: Phyllanthus emblica L.

 
Genus: Phyllanthus
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Subfamily: Phyllanthoideae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Nomen number: 28119
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:982. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 25-Aug-2005 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Bhutan; Econ Bot 50:271. 1996; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):388. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Biodiv Conserv 13:459. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Fujian Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, [Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Odisha, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Karnataka] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (n.), Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Kalimantan, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sumatera] Malaysia


    Cultivated (also cult. in tropics)

References:

  1. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1971. The Euphorbiaceae of Siam. Kew Bull. 26:319.
  2. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1975. The Euphorbiaceae of Borneo. Kew Bull. add. ser., 4:183.
  3. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra. Kew Bull. 36:337.
  4. Airy Shaw, H. K. 1982. The Euphorbiaceae of Central Malesia (Celebes, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Is.). Kew Bull. 37:32.
  5. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  6. Balakrishnan, N. P. & T. Chakrabarty. 2007. The family Euphorbiaceae in India; a synopsis of its profile, taxonomy and bibliography
  7. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  12. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  13. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  14. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  15. Kala, C. P. et al. 2004. Prioritization of medicinal plants on the basis of available knowledge, existing practices and use value status in Uttaranchal, India. Biodivers. & Conservation 13:459.
  16. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  17. Mabberley, D. J. 2008. Mabberley's plant-book: a portable dictionary of plants, their classification and uses, ed. 3 660. Note: re. use as lipid and cosmetic dye
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production Note: = Emblica
  20. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):388.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Shankar, U. et al. 1996. Extraction of non-timber forest products in the forests of Biligiri Rangan Hills, India. 3. Productivity extraction and prospects of sustainable harvest of Amla Phyllanthus embilica (Euphorbiaceae). Econ. Bot. 50:270-279.
  25. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  26. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Phyllanthus emblica L. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28119. Accessed 17 August 2019.