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Taxon: Fraxinus excelsior L.

 
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Fraxinus
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 282
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 27 (19 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Fraxinus_excelsior/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Fraxinus+excelsior&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  12. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  14. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. 1994. Flora of Madeira.
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  20. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles.
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  22. Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Fraxinus excelsior L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=282. Accessed 17 September 2019.