Taxon: Fraxinus excelsior L.

 
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Fraxinus
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 282
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1057. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Mar-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Syria
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  5. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  14. Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Press, J. R. & M. J. Short, eds. Flora of Madeira. (F Madeira)
  19. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  20. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  22. Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Fraxinus excelsior L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=282. Accessed 24 April 2018.