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Taxon: Physostigma venenosum Balf.

 
Genus: Physostigma
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Phaseolinae
Nomen number: 28242
Place of publication: Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 22:310, t. 16, 17. 1861
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Jul-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-May-1997
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: source of physostigmine (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (formerly used as ordeal poison)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria (s.), Sierra Leone


References:

  1. Adam, J.-G. Flore descriptive des monts Nimba. (F MtNimba)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Boudet, G. et al. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. 1986 (L Mali)
  4. Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  8. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  9. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  10. Maréchal, R. et al. 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique (Boissiera) 28:233.
  11. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  12. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)

Check other web resources for Physostigma venenosum Balf. :

  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28242. Accessed 13 November 2018.