Taxon: Pinus flexilis E. James

Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Strobus
Section: Quinquefoliae
Subsection: Strobus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28449
Place of publication: Account exped. Pittsburgh (ed. Philadelphia) 2:27, 35. 31 Dec 1822; (ed. London) 2:224-225. late Feb 1823
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Oct-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 452 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; KrussmannC)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. & B. T. Styles 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 75:207.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jorgensen, S. et al. 2002. Regional patterns of genetic diversity in Pinus flexilis (Pinaceae) reveal complex species history Amer. J. Bot. 89:792-800.
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Woodman, N. 2010. History and dating of the publication of the Philadelphia (1822) and London (1823) editions of Edwin James's Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains Arch. Nat. Hist. 37:28-38.

Check other web resources for Pinus flexilis E. James :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image