Taxon: Pinus mugo Turra

 
Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Pinus
    Section: Pinus
      Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28493
Place of publication: Giorn. Italia Sci. Nat. 1:152. 1764
Name Verified on: 25-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 10 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide KrussmannC)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide KrussmannC)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide HerbSpices)
  • Materials: lipids (used in pharmaceutical & cosmetic products fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2001. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 51 (Taxon) 50:560.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 419.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Minghetti, P. & E. Nardi 1999. Lectotypification of Pinus mugo Turra (Pinaceae) (Taxon) 48:465-469.
  • Nardi, E. & P. Minghetti 1999. (1416) Proposal to conserve the name Pinus mugo (Pinaceae) with a conserved type (Taxon) 48:571-572.
  • Ouden, P. den & B. K. Boom Manual of cultivated conifers. 1965 (Man Conif)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:151.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur) 1:34.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Pinus mugo Turra :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image