Taxon: Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold

 
Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Pinus
    Section: Pinus
      Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28498
Place of publication: Reise Mariazell 8, cum t. 1785
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials: wood (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Sweden; United Kingdom
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chhin, S. 2015. Impact of future climate change on a genetic plantation of hybrid pine (Botany) 10.1139/cjb-2015-0014
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Pinus nigra J. F. Arnold :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image