Taxon: Pinus pinaster Aiton

 
Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Pinus
    Section: Pinus
      Subsection: Pinaster
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28525
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:367. 1789
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (sand-binding fide F Eur ed2)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials: wood (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: (fide Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Morocco
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Croatia; Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Southern Africa: South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Northern Europe: United Kingdom
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • : South America

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. 1989- (F Iberica)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • Farjon, A. World checklist and bibliography of conifers. 1998 (L Conifers)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:157.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Pinus pinaster Aiton :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image