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Taxon: Pinus pinaster Aiton

 
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Section: Pinus
Subsection: Pinaster
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28525
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 3:367. 1789
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 14 (9 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (sand-binding fide F Eur ed2) shade/shelter
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco (n.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy (n. & Sardinia)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • South America (s.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  5. Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus
  6. Farjon, A. 1998. World checklist and bibliography of conifers
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Pinus+pinaster&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  9. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  10. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  12. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:157.
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  18. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  20. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Pinus pinaster Aiton :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28525. Accessed 20 August 2019.