Taxon: Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel

Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Strobus
Section: Quinquefoliae
Subsection: Strobus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28533
Place of publication: Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 32(1):211. 1859
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 26-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Oct-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • dwarf Siberian pine  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Japanese stone pine  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • ostasiatische Zwergkiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • Zwergkiefer  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • Zwergzirbelkiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • hai-matsu  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • dvärgtall  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • yan song  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • nunjatnamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean
  • kedrovyj stlanik  (Source: Pl Names) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: wildlife habitat (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: oil/fat (fide F USSR)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide F USSR)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Hokkaido, Honshu; Korea
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Kurile Islands, Kamchatka, Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Yakutia-Sakha

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Tai Hyun Chung Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta. (Ency Korea)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.