Taxon: Pinus strobus L.

Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Strobus
Section: Quinquefoliae
Subsection: Strobus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28551
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1001. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 13-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 16 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide AH 654)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide AH 519)
  • Materials: fiber (for pulpwood fide AH 519)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide AH 519; HerbSpices)
  • Materials: wood (fide AH 519; HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (used as a Christmas tree fide,)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada Manitoba

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Burns, R. M. & B. H. Honkala, eds. Silvics of North America: 1. Conifers; 2. Hardwoods. Agriculture Handbook 654. (AH 654)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. & B. T. Styles 1997. Pinus (Pinaceae) Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 75:215.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gilman, E. F. & D. G. Watson 1994. Pinus strobus : eastern white pine
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:163.
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Pinus strobus L. :


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image