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Taxon: Pinus sylvestris L.

 
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Section: Pinus
Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28552
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1000. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 16-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 487 (453 active, 7 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: agroforestry; ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials: lipids (timber) tannin/dyestuff; wood
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Social: religious/secular (used as a Christmas tree)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Khanty-Mansi, Yamal Nenets]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Khabarovsk, Primorye, Amur, Magadan]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng, Jilin Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom [Scotland]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary (w.), Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation, [Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (n.), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Pinus_sylvestris/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature Note: lists as "Pinus silvestris"
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  5. Dirr, M. A. 1998. Manual of woody landscape plants: their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation and uses, ed. 5. 744. Note: re. Christmas tree
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  9. Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Pinus+sylvestris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: lists as "silvestris"
  16. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  17. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 419.
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  20. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:62-63.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  26. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  27. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Pinus sylvestris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28552. Accessed 13 November 2019.