Taxon: Pinus sylvestris L.

 
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Section: Pinus
Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28552
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1000. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 16-May-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 453 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring ()
  • Environmental: agroforestry ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Materials: gum/resin ()
  • Materials: lipids (timber fide Dict Gard)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff ()
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (used as a Christmas tree fide Man Woody Landsc Pl)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Khanty-Mansi, Yamal Nenets]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Khabarovsk, Magadan, Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol (n.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom [Scotland]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary (w.), Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (n.), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  5. Dirr, M. A. Manual of woody landscape plants: their identification, ornamental characteristics, culture, propagation and uses, ed. 5. (Man Woody Landsc Pl) 744.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  9. Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  13. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  14. Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  17. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 419.
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  20. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  22. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Pinus sylvestris L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28552. Accessed 26 April 2018.