Taxon: Pinus thunbergii Parl.

 
Genus: Pinus
  Subgenus: Pinus
    Section: Pinus
      Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28563
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2):388. 1868
Name Verified on: 07-Dec-1990 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 30-Sep-2008
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 8 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • black pine  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • Japanese black pine  (Source: Pines) - English
  • japanische Schwarzkiefer  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • Thunbergs Kiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • pino di Thunberg  (Source: Mult Glossary Trees) - Italian
  • kuro-matsu  (Source: Pines) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • hei song  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • haesong  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (for bonsai fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator (for afforestation fide F ChinaEng)
  • Materials: wood (fide A. Farjon, pers. comm. 1996)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea, South

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Farjon, A. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus. 1984 (Pines)
  • Farjon, A. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea Illustrated woody plants of Korea. 1966 (WPl Korea)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. 1971 (Mult Glossary Trees)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983). 1985 (KrussmannC)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Ouden, P. den & B. K. Boom Manual of cultivated conifers. 1965 (Man Conif)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Schroeder, F.-G. & R. Bayer 1973. Zur Nomenklatur von Picea polita und Pinus thunbergii Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 66:61-68.
  • Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:166.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

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