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Taxon: Pinus thunbergii Parl.

 
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: Pinus
Section: Pinus
Subsection: Pinus
Family: Pinaceae
Nomen number: 28563
Place of publication: A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2):388. 1868
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Dec-1990 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 17 (8 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • black pine  (Source: Zander ed17) - English
  • Japanese black pine  (Source: Pines) - English
  • japanische Schwarzkiefer  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • Thunbergs Kiefer  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • pino di Thunberg  (Source: Mult Glossary Trees) - Italian
  • kuro-matsu  (Source: Pines) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • hei song  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • haesong  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (for bonsai) revegetator (for afforestation)
  • Materials: wood

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, South


    Cultivated



    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Massachusetts]


References:

  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  2. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage Note: = Pinus thunbergiana
  3. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  4. Farjon, A. 1984. Pines, drawings and descriptions of the genus Pinus
  5. Farjon, A. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  7. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  8. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  9. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: = Pinus thunbergiana Franco
  10. Krüssmann, G. 1985. Manual of cultivated conifers (English translation of Die Nadelgeholze, ed. 2. 1983)
  11. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  12. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  13. Ouden, P. den & B. K. Boom. 1965. Manual of cultivated conifers.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Schroeder, F.-G. & R. Bayer. 1973. Zur Nomenklatur von Picea polita und Pinus thunbergii. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 66:61-68.
  17. Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:166. Note: = Pinus thunbergiana Franco
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Pinus thunbergii Parl. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=28563. Accessed 8 December 2019.