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Taxon: Podophyllum peltatum L.

 
Genus: Podophyllum
Section: Podophyllum
Family: Berberidaceae
Subfamily: Berberidoideae
Tribe: Berberideae
Subtribe: Epimediinae
Nomen number: 29138
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:505. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Feb-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • American-mandrake  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • mayapple  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • wild mandrake  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • May-apple   - English (Canada)
  • podophylle pelté  (Source: Zander ed17) - French
  • pomme de mai  (Source: F Canada) - French
  • podophylle pelté   - French (Canada)
  • Entenfuß  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • gewöhnlicher Maiapfel  (Source: Zander ed17) - German
  • amerikanskt fotblad  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • podofill amerikanskij  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • podofill ščitovidnyj  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Gen Epimedium 262.) ornamental
  • Medicines: source of etoposide, podophyllotoxin, & teniposide; source of etoposide, podophyllotoxin, & teniposide
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas
  3. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 104.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  15. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  16. Lata, H. et al. 2002. Assessment of genetic diversity in Podophyllum peltatum by molecular markers. Trends in new crops and new uses. Proceedings of the fifth Narional Symposium New Crops and New uses: Strength in diversity ASHS Press, Alexandria, Virginia. 537-544.
  17. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  20. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  21. Moraes, R. M. et al. 2000. The American mayapple revisited - Podophyllum peltatum - still a potential cash crop?. Econ. Bot. 54:471-476.
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Paul, S. et al. 2013. Assessment of genetic diversity and interspecific relationships among three species of Podophyllum using AFLP markers and podophyllotoxin content. Pl. Syst. Evol. 299:1879-1887.
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  26. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  27. Stearn, W. T. 2002. The genus Epimedium and other herbaceous Berberidaceae including the genus Podophyllum 260.
  28. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  29. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Podophyllum peltatum L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29138. Accessed 22 September 2019.