Taxon: Populus alba L.

Genus: Populus
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 29358
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1034. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F USSR)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Trees US)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide F USSR)
  • Materials: wood (fide F USSR; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Jordan ; Lebanon ; Turkey
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands
    • Southern Africa: Lesotho ; South Africa
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants. (F Baltic)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Populus alba L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Populus alba cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.