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Taxon: Populus balsamifera L.

 
Genus: Populus
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 29365
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1034. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 8 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • balsam poplar  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • bamtree  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • eastern balsam poplar  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hackmatack  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • tacamahac poplar  (Source: Ency WTimber) - English
  • tacamahaca  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • baumier  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • peuplier baumier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Balsampappel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • álamo balsámico  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • balsampoppel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Nunavut, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut (n.w.), Indiana (n.w.), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio (n.e.), Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia (n.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n.e.), Iowa (n.), Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota (n.e.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  4. Dorn, R. D. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. 1977 (F Wyom)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  9. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  12. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  13. Little, E. L., Jr. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541. 1979 (Trees US)
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains. (Atlas GPlains)
  15. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd Distribution of Illinois vascular plants. 1978 (Atlas Ill)
  16. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  17. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  18. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  19. Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Check other web resources for Populus balsamifera L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Populus balsamifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29365. Accessed 15 October 2018.