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Taxon: Populus balsamifera L.

 
Genus: Populus
Family: Salicaceae
Nomen number: 29365
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1034. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • balsam poplar  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • bamtree  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • eastern balsam poplar  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • hackmatack  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • tacamahac poplar  (Source: Ency WTimber) - English
  • tacamahaca  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • balsam poplar  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • baumier  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • peuplier baumier  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • peuplier baumier  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Balsampappel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • álamo balsámico  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • balsampoppel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia, Nunavut]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut (n.w.), Indiana (n.w.), Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio (n.e.), Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia (n.)]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n.e.), Iowa (n.), Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota (n.e.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Montana, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 59-60.
  5. Dorn, R. D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  10. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  15. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1977. Atlas of the Flora of the Great Plains.
  16. Mohlenbrock, R. H. & D. M. Ladd. 1978. Distribution of Illinois vascular plants
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  19. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  20. Wiersema, J. H. & B. León. World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only].

Check other web resources for Populus balsamifera L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Populus balsamifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=29365. Accessed 22 November 2019.