Taxon: Coffea arabica L.

 
Genus: Coffea
  Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
  Subfamily: Ixoroideae
      Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 300141
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:172. 1753
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Jun-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1157 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Human food: beverage base (fide Ency CNatIn; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of arabica coffee (fide Euphytica 87:59-64. 1996)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_56.html,)
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Book; Pl Res SEAs 16:66. 2000)
  • Weed: (fide Bot J Linn Soc 152:479. 2006)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan

  • Naturalized:

    • : Africa
  • Africa

    • : Africa

  • Cultivated:

    • :
  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Reunion
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Blumenthal, M., ed. The complete German Commission E monographs: therapeutic guide to herbal medicines. 1998 (German CommE Monog)
  • Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:478-479.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foster, S. & V. E. Tyler Tyler's honest herbal: a sensible guide to the use of herbs and related remedies, ed. 4. 1999 (Tyler Herbal)
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Lashermes, P. et al. 1996. Genetic diversity for RAPD markers between cultivated and wild accessions of Coffea arabica (Euphytica) 87:59-64.
  • Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Maurin, O. et al. 2007. Towards a phylogeny for Coffea (Rubiaceae): Identifying well-supported lineages based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequences Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1565-1583.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Nowak, M. D. et al. 2012. Sequence data from new plastid and nuclear COSII regions resolves early diverging lineages in Coffea (Rubiaceae) Syst. Bot. 37:995-1005.
  • Nowak, M. D. et al. 2012. Sequence data from new plastid and nuclear COSII regions resolves early diverging lineages in Coffea (Rubiaceae) Syst. Bot. 37:995-1005.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. 1952- (F TE Afr)
  • Van Wyk, B.-E. & M. Wink Medicinal plants of the world. 2004 (Med Pl World)
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:66.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Coffea arabica L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image