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Taxon: Coffea arabica L.

 
Genus: Coffea
Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 300141
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:172. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1162 (7 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring
  • Human food: beverage base
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Social: stimulant
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia (s.w.), Sudan (s.e.)
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (n.e.)


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Java]


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • Africa


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae) Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:478-479.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  6. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  9. Lashermes, P. et al. 1996. Genetic diversity for RAPD markers between cultivated and wild accessions of Coffea arabica (Euphytica) 87:59-64.
  10. Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  11. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  12. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  14. Maurin, O. et al. 2007. Towards a phylogeny for Coffea (Rubiaceae): Identifying well-supported lineages based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequences Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1565-1583.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Nowak, M. D. et al. 2012. Sequence data from new plastid and nuclear COSII regions resolves early diverging lineages in Coffea (Rubiaceae) Syst. Bot. 37:995-1005.
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  21. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  24. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants (Pl Res SEAs) 16:66.

Check other web resources for Coffea arabica L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300141. Accessed 17 November 2018.