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Taxon: Coffea arabica L.

 
Genus: Coffea
Subgenus: Coffea
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Ixoroideae
Tribe: Coffeeae
Nomen number: 300141
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:172. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Jun-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1162 (7 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring
  • Human food: beverage base
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Social: stimulant
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia (s.w.), Sudan (s.e.)
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya (n.e.)


    Cultivated



    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Tropical
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa]


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • Africa


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Davis, A. P. et al. 2006. An annotated taxonomic conspectus of the genus Coffea (Rubiaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 152:478-479.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Coffea+arabica&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource).
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  9. Lashermes, P. et al. 1996. Genetic diversity for RAPD markers between cultivated and wild accessions of Coffea arabica. Euphytica 87:59-64. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  10. Leroy, T. et al. 2006. Genetics of coffee quality. Brazil. J. Pl. Physiol. 18:229-242.
  11. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  12. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. Maurin, O. et al. 2007. Towards a phylogeny for Coffea (Rubiaceae): Identifying well-supported lineages based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequences. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 100:1565-1583.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Nowak, M. D. et al. 2012. Sequence data from new plastid and nuclear COSII regions resolves early diverging lineages in Coffea (Rubiaceae). Syst. Bot. 37:995-1005. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  20. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  21. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  22. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_56.html target='_blank'
  23. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  24. Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 16:66.

Check other web resources for Coffea arabica L. :

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300141. Accessed 21 August 2019.