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Taxon: Festuca rubra L. subsp. rubra

 
Genus: Festuca
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 300215
Place of publication:
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 08-Jan-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (44 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; lawn/turf
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Iceland

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Illinois, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Delaware, Georgia (n.), Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


References:

  1. Aiken, S. G. et al. 1996-. Festuca of North America: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval.
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  3. Alexeev, E. 1979. Genus Festuca L. in Asia Media. Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15:46.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Duyvendak, R. et al. 1981. Delimitation of taxa and cultivars of red fescue (Festuca rubra L. sensu lato). Rasen Grünfl. Begrün. 3:60.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  10. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  11. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  12. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  13. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  15. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  16. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Festuca rubra L. subsp. rubra :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300215. Accessed 21 October 2019.