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Taxon: Lotus corniculatus L.

 
Genus: Lotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Loteae
Nomen number: 300317
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:775. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 04-Aug-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 630 (497 active, 423 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • bird's-foot trefoil  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • common bird's-foot trefoil  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • bird’s-foot trefoil   - English (Canada)
  • cornette  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • cube  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotier corniculé  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotier corniculé   - French (Canada)
  • Hornklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • ginestrino  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • miyakogusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • cornichão  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cuernecillo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • cuernecillo del campo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • käringtand  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • bai mai gen  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; fodder
  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia (s.w.)]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • South America (s.)


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Lotus_corniculatus_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Chrtková-Žertová, A. 1973. A monographic study of Lotus corniculatus L. I. Central and northern Europe. Rozpr. Ceskoslov. Akad. Ved. 83:1-94.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 146-147.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Lotus+corniculatus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Grant, W. F. & E. Small. 1996. The origin of the Lotus corniculatus (Fabaceae) complex: a synthesis of diverse evidence. Canad. J. Bot. 74:975-989.
  12. Grant, W. F. 1995. A chromosome atlas and interspecific - intergenic index for Lotus and Tetragonolobus (Fabaceae). Canad. J. Bot. 73:1787-1809. Note: a species with chromosome numbers ranging from diploid (2n=12) to octoploids (2n=48), and aneuploids, mostly recognized as a tetraploid (2n=24)
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  16. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  17. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  18. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  20. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  21. Jones, D. A. & R. Turkington. 1986. Biological Flora of the British Isles. No. 163. Lotus corniculatus L.. J. Ecol. 74:1185-1212. Note: Lotus corniculatus is recognized as a variable species with five or six varieties in Britain
  22. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  23. Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. 1999. Lotus systematics and distribution. Special Publ. Crop Sci. Soc. Amer. 28:9.
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  25. Lassen, P. 1987. Lotus. In: W. Greuter & T. Raus (eds.), Med-Checklist notulae, 14. Willdenowia 16:443.
  26. Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1
  27. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  28. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  29. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  30. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  32. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Small, E. et al. 1984. A taxonomic study of the Lotus corniculatus complex in Turkey. Canad. J. Bot. 62:1044-53.
  35. Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  36. Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  37. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  38. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa. Note: = Lotus corniculatus var. eremanthus
  39. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  40. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  41. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  42. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  43. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia
  44. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina. Note: mentions
  45. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Lotus corniculatus L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300317. Accessed 15 September 2019.