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Taxon: Trifolium incarnatum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300619
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:769. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jun-2012
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 147 (54 active, 52 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • carnation clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • crimson clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Italian clover  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • scarlet clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • farouche  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • trèfle incarnat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Inkarnatklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • trifoglio incarnato  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • benibana-tsumekusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trevo-vermelho  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trébol encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • blodklöver  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • jiang che zhou cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Human food:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult. in temperate regions)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  6. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  8. Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. (L Macar ed2)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 186.
  13. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  14. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  16. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  17. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  18. Lamont, E.-J. et al. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.) (Pl Genet Res Leg Med) 79-98.
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  21. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  22. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  25. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  26. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  27. Stubbendieck, J. & E. C. Conard Common legumes of the Great Plains. 1989 (Common LegGP)
  28. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  30. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 404.

Check other web resources for Trifolium incarnatum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300619. Accessed 9 December 2018.