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Taxon: Trifolium incarnatum L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifolium
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300619
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:769. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 147 (54 active, 44 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • carnation clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • crimson clover  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Italian clover  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • scarlet clover  (Source: Clovers) - English
  • farouche  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • trèfle incarnat  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • Inkarnatklee  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • trifoglio incarnato  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • benibana-tsumekusa  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • trevo-encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trevo-vermelho  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • trébol encarnado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • blodklöver  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • jiang che zhou cao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental: soil improver
  • Human food:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Madeira Islands]

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult. in temperate regions)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Trifolium_incarnatum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  4. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  5. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  7. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+incarnatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 186.
  12. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  15. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  16. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  17. Lamont, E.-J. et al. 2001. Chapter 4. Clovers (Trifolium L.). Plant genetic resources of legumes in the Mediterranean Springer, Berlin, Germany. 79-98.
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  21. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  25. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  26. Stubbendieck, J. & E. C. Conard. 1989. Common legumes of the Great Plains University of Nebraska.
  27. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  28. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  29. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 404.
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Trifolium incarnatum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300619. Accessed 17 July 2019.