Taxon: Trifolium repens L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifoliastrum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300625
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:767. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 26-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 02-Oct-2017
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 817 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases ()
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests ()
  • Environmental: soil improver ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of white clover (based on the natural variability of white clover)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, North Ossetia, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Altay, Buryatia, Chelyabinsk, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Khakassia, Khanty-Mansi, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen, Ust Orda Buryat]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Arkhangelsk, Astrakhan, Bashkortostan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kalmykia, Kaluga, Karelia, Kirov, Komi, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Moscow, Murmansk, Nenets, Novgorod, Orel, Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Eastern Cape, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape]

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Badr, A. et al. 2002. Ancestors of white clover (Trifolium repens L.), as reveales by isozyme polymorphisms Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:143-148.
  5. Burdon, J. J. 1980. Intra-specific diversity in a natural population of Trifolium repens J. Ecol. 68:717-735.
  6. Burdon, J. J. 1983. Biological flora of the British Isles. No. 154. Trifolium repens J. Ecol. 71:307-330.
  7. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  8. Converse, R. H., ed. 1987. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631. 1987 (Virus Diseases) 35.
  9. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  10. Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  11. Duke, J. A. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance. 1981 (Leg WorldEc)
  12. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae) Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  16. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.) The world of clovers. 2001 (Clovers) 342.
  17. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
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  19. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  20. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
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  22. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. 2003 (Leg SAsia)
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  24. Lock, J. M. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. 1989 (Leg Africa)
  25. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  27. Meikle, R. D. Flora of Cyprus. (F Cyprus)
  28. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:132.
  29. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  30. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  31. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  32. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  34. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  35. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  36. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  37. Smythies, B. E. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882. (L Spain)
  38. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  39. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  41. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  42. Williams, W. M. & S. N. Nichols 2011. Chapter 13: Trifolium (Wild Crop Rel Leg Cr) 249-272.
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  44. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. Legumes of Northern Eurasia. 1996 (Leg NEurasia)
  45. Zohary, M. & D. Heller 1984. The genus Trifolium. 1984 (Trifolium) 167.

Check other web resources for Trifolium repens L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300625. Accessed 25 June 2018.