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Taxon: Trifolium repens L.

 
Genus: Trifolium
Subgenus: Trifolium
Section: Trifoliastrum
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Trifolieae
Nomen number: 300625
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:767. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 26-Mar-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1209 (817 active, 615 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage; forage
  • Environmental:
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Buryatia, Gorno-Altay, Khakassia, Tuva, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Chelyabinsk, Irkutsk, Ust Orda Buryat, Kemerovo, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk, Tyumen, Khanty-Mansi]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Bashkortostan, Chuvashia, Kalmykia, Karelia, Komi, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Arkhangelsk, Nenets, Astrakhan, Belgorod, Bryansk, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kirov, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Moscow, Murmansk, Novgorod, Orel, Orenburg, Penza, Perm, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, North-West]

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • South America


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Trifolium_repens_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Badr, A. et al. 2002. Ancestors of white clover (Trifolium repens L.), as reveales by isozyme polymorphisms. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:143-148.
  4. Burdon, J. J. 1980. Intra-specific diversity in a natural population of Trifolium repens. J. Ecol. 68:717-735.
  5. Burdon, J. J. 1983. Biological flora of the British Isles. No. 154. Trifolium repens. J. Ecol. 71:307-330.
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  7. Converse, R. H., ed. 1987. Virus diseases of small fruits. USDA Agriculture Handbook 631 35.
  8. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  9. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  10. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 144.
  11. Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance
  12. Ellison, N. W. et al. 2006. Molecular phylogenetics of the clover genus (Trifolium - Leguminosae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 39:688-705.
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Trifolium+repens&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  15. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  16. Gillett, J. M. & N. L. Taylor (M. Collins ed.). 2001. The world of clovers 342.
  17. Graham, E. H. 1941. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412.
  18. Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963-. Plantae asiae centralis.
  19. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  20. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  21. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  22. Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  23. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  24. Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist
  25. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  28. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:132.
  29. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  30. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  31. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  32. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  33. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  34. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  35. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  36. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  37. Smythies, B. E. 1984-1986. Flora of Spain and the Balearic Islands: checklist of vascular plants. Englera 3:1-882.
  38. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  39. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  40. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/fabaceae/trifolium-repens/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  41. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  42. Williams, W. M. & S. N. Nichols. 2011. Chapter 13: Trifolium. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, legume crops and forages 249-272.
  43. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  44. Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia Note: = Amoria repens (L.) C. Presl
  45. Zohary, M. & D. Heller. 1984. The genus Trifolium 167.
  46. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  47. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Trifolium repens L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=300625. Accessed 13 November 2019.