Taxon: Pyrus betulifolia Bunge

 
Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pashia
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30458
Place of publication: Enum. pl. China bor. 27. 1833 (Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 2:101. 1835) "betulaefolia"
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • spelling corrected in accordance with Melbourne ICN Art. 60.8 and Rec. 60G
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 18-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 65 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • birch-leaf pear  (Source: Zander ed16) - English
  • birkenblättriger Flügelstorax  (Source: Zander ed16) - German
  • du li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for pear (fide Eur J Pl Pathology 123:221. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for Asian pear (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:274. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for pear (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 156, 157. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Asian pear (based on genetic affinities to Pyrus pyrifolia fide Korean J Breed Sci 41:444. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of pear (fide Scient Hort 125:262. 2010)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Ussurian pear (based on genetic affinities to Pyrus ussuriensis fide Genet Res Crop Evol 54:967, 969. 2007)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Zhejiang, Henan, Hebei, Hubei, Gansu, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Guizhou, Liaoning, Shanxi, Shandong, Shaanxi, Nei Monggol, Xizang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Bao, L. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and similarity of pear (Pyrus L.) cultivars native to East Asia revealed by SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:959-971.
  2. Bao, L. et al. 2008. An assessment of genetic variability and relationships within Asian pears based on AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) markers Sci. Hort. 116:374-380.
  3. Barbosa, W. et al. 2007. Asian pear tree breeding for subtropical areas of Brazil (Fruits) 62:21-26.
  4. Bell, R. L. & A. Itai 2011. Chapter 8. Pyrus (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 147-177.
  5. Challice, J. S. & M. N. Westwood 1973. Numerical taxonomic studies of the genus Pyrus using both chemical and botanical characters Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 67:123.
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  8. Fischer, M. 2009. Pear breeding (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 135-160.
  9. Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. (F InnMong)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2 Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). (F Chiangsu)
  12. Kang Hee, C. et al. 2009. Analysis of genetic relationship of pear (Pyrus spp.) germplasms using AFLP markers Korean J. Breed. 41:444-450.
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Seemüller, E. et al. 1998. Pear decline resistance in Pyrus communis rootstocks and progenies of wild and ornamental Pyrus taxa Acta Hort. 472:681-692.
  16. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223.
  17. Teng, Y. 2011. The pear industry in China Chron. Hort. 51:23-27.
  18. Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2002. Genetic relationships of Pyrus species and cultivars native to East Asia revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:262-270.
  19. Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.) Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):76.
  20. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:274.
  21. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  23. Yamamoto, T. & E. Chevreau 2009. Pear genomics (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 8:163-186.
  24. Zheng, X. et al. 2008. Non-concerted ITS evolution, early origin and phylogenetic utility of ITS pseudogenes in Pyrus Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:892-903.
  25. Zisovich, A. H. et al. 2010. Syrian pear (Pyrus syriaca) as a pollinator for European pear (Pyrus communis) cultivars Sci. Hort. 125:256-262.

Check other web resources for Pyrus betulifolia Bunge :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30458. Accessed 18 June 2018.