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Taxon: Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder

 
Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pashia
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30462
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50:231. 1915, pro sp.
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3106615
Comments:
  • • [probably a complex hybrid] fide M. N. Westwood (pers. comm.)
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 06-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 41 (27 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit; fruit; fruit (as Pyrus bretschneideri, but see Acta Hort 634:178. 2004) fruit (as Pyrus bretschneideri, but see Acta Hort 634:178. 2004)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (n.)


References:

  1. Bao, L. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and similarity of pear (Pyrus L.) cultivars native to East Asia revealed by SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:959-971. Note: not as hybrid; suggests that Chinese white pears should be included under P. pyrifolia var. sinensis (a nom. inval.)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: not as hybrid
  3. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: not as hybrid
  4. Fisher, M. 2004. New pear rootstocks from Dresden-Pillnitz. Acta Hort. 732:239-245. Note: not as hybrid
  5. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica. Note: not as hybrid
  6. Hancock, J. F. & G. A. Lobos. 2008. Pears. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 10:299-335.
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: not as hybrid
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: not as hybrid
  9. Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313-326. Note: does not treat as hybrid
  10. Kimura, T. et al. 2002. Identification of Asian pear varieties by SSR analysis. Breed. Sci. 52:115-121. Note: not as hybrid
  11. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: not as hybrid
  12. Pan, Z. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity of cultivated resources of pear in North China. Acta Hort. 587:187-194. Note: not as hybrid
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Seemüller, E. et al. 1998. Pear decline resistance in Pyrus communis rootstocks and progenies of wild and ornamental Pyrus taxa. Acta Hort. 472:681-691. Note: not as hybrid
  15. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223. Note: not as hybrid
  16. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223. Note: not as hybrid
  17. Teng, Y & K. Tanabe. 2004. Reconsideration on the origin of cultivated pears native to East Asia. Acta Hort. 634:175-182. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  18. Teng, Y. 2011. The pear industry in China. Chron. Hort. 51:23-27. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  19. Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2001. Genetic relationships of pear cultivars in Xinjiang, China, as measured by RAPD markers. J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 76:771-779. Note: not as hybrid
  20. Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2002. Genetic relationships of Pyrus species and cultivars native to East Asia revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:262-270. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  21. Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):79. Note: does not consider a hybrid
  22. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:273. Note: not as hybrid
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: not as hybrid
  24. Westwood, M. N. 1985. pers. comm.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: not as hybrid
  26. Zheng, X. et al. 2008. Non-concerted ITS evolution, early origin and phylogenetic utility of ITS pseudogenes in Pyrus. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:892-903. Note: not as hybrid

Check other web resources for Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30462. Accessed 17 July 2019.