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Taxon: Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder

Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pashia
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30462
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50:231. 1915, pro sp.
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3106615
  • • [probably a complex hybrid] fide M. N. Westwood (pers. comm.)
  • • valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 06-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 41 (27 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: fruit; fruit; fruit (as Pyrus bretschneideri, but see Acta Hort 634:178. 2004) fruit (as Pyrus bretschneideri, but see Acta Hort 634:178. 2004)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Qinghai Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]


    • CHINA: China (n.)


  1. Bao, L. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and similarity of pear (Pyrus L.) cultivars native to East Asia revealed by SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:959-971. Note: not as hybrid; suggests that Chinese white pears should be included under P. pyrifolia var. sinensis (a nom. inval.)
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: not as hybrid
  3. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: not as hybrid
  4. Fisher, M. 2004. New pear rootstocks from Dresden-Pillnitz. Acta Hort. 732:239-245. Note: not as hybrid
  5. Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977-. Flora intramongolica. Note: not as hybrid
  6. Hancock, J. F. & G. A. Lobos. 2008. Pears. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 10:299-335.
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6 Note: not as hybrid
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening Note: not as hybrid
  9. Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313-326. Note: does not treat as hybrid
  10. Kimura, T. et al. 2002. Identification of Asian pear varieties by SSR analysis. Breed. Sci. 52:115-121. Note: not as hybrid
  11. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976) Note: not as hybrid
  12. Pan, Z. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity of cultivated resources of pear in North China. Acta Hort. 587:187-194. Note: not as hybrid
  13. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  14. Seemüller, E. et al. 1998. Pear decline resistance in Pyrus communis rootstocks and progenies of wild and ornamental Pyrus taxa. Acta Hort. 472:681-691. Note: not as hybrid
  15. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223. Note: not as hybrid
  16. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223. Note: not as hybrid
  17. Teng, Y & K. Tanabe. 2004. Reconsideration on the origin of cultivated pears native to East Asia. Acta Hort. 634:175-182. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  18. Teng, Y. 2011. The pear industry in China. Chron. Hort. 51:23-27. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  19. Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2001. Genetic relationships of pear cultivars in Xinjiang, China, as measured by RAPD markers. J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 76:771-779. Note: not as hybrid
  20. Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2002. Genetic relationships of Pyrus species and cultivars native to East Asia revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:262-270. Note: lists as Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder
  21. Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):79. Note: does not consider a hybrid
  22. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:273. Note: not as hybrid
  23. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora. Note: not as hybrid
  24. Westwood, M. N. 1985. pers. comm.
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: not as hybrid
  26. Zheng, X. et al. 2008. Non-concerted ITS evolution, early origin and phylogenetic utility of ITS pseudogenes in Pyrus. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:892-903. Note: not as hybrid

Check other web resources for Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30462. Accessed 17 July 2019.