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Taxon: Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don

Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pashia
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30551
Place of publication: Prodr. fl. nepal. 236. 1825
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/393133
Name Verified on: 12-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 28-Feb-2019
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR)
Accessions: 56 (40 active, 11 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)


Common names:

  • Himalayan pear  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • Himalaya-Birne  (Source: Mansf Ency) - German
  • chuan li  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan (e.), Iran (n.)
    • CHINA: China [Guizhou Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xizang Zizhiqu, Yunnan Sheng]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (Himalayan region, Assam), Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Myanmar (n.), Thailand, Vietnam (n.)


  1. Challice, J. S. & M. N. Westwood 1973. Numerical taxonomic studies of the genus Pyrus using both chemical and botanical characters Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 67:123.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  4. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  5. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  6. Iketani, H. et al. 1998. Incongruence between RFLPs of chloroplast DNA and morphological classification in east Asian pear Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 45:533-539.
  7. Jiang, S. et al. 2016. Primitive genepools of Asian pears and their complex hybrid origins inferred from fluorescent sequence-specific amplification polymorphism (SSAP) markers based on LTR retrotransposons (PloS One) 11(2): e0149192.
  8. Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313-326.
  9. Krause, S. et al. 2007. Morphological biodiversity and local use of the Himalayan pear (Pyrus pashia ) in central Bhutan Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1245-1254.
  10. Luna, R. K. Plantation trees. (Plantation Trees)
  11. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya. 1984 (Flow Himal)
  12. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  13. Pyrus Crop Germplasm Committee 2004. Pyrus Crop Germplasm Committee report and genetic vulnerability statement (Crop Germpl Comm Rep) 1-31.
  14. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  15. Rehder, A. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs. (Rehder)
  16. Teng, Y. 2011. The pear industry in China Chron. Hort. 51:23-27.
  17. Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.) Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):77.
  18. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  20. Yamamoto, T. & E. Chevreau 2009. Pear genomics (Genet Genom Rosaceae) 163-186.
  21. Zamani, A. et al. 2009. Pyrus pashia (Rosaceae), a new record for the Flora of Iran Iranian J. Bot. 15:72-75.
  22. Zheng, X. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic utility and molecular evolution of the nuclear alcohol dehydrogenase gene in Pyrus Acta Hort. 859:271-280.
  23. Zheng, X. et al. 2008. Non-concerted ITS evolution, early origin and phylogenetic utility of ITS pseudogenes in Pyrus Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:892-903.
  24. Zong, Y. et al. 2014. Genetic diversity and population structure of seedling populations of Pyrus pashia Pl. Molec. Biol. Reporter 32:644-651.

Check other web resources for Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30551. Accessed 23 April 2019.