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Taxon: Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall

 
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Melioides
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 306
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 51. 1785
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Mar-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1038 (1029 active, 173 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide F Eur; AH 519)
  • Materials: wood (timber)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec (s.)]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta (s.e.), Manitoba, Saskatchewan (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado (n.e.), Montana, Wyoming (n.e.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida (n.w.), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:228.
  3. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  5. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  6. Hardin, J. W. 1974. Studies of the southeastern United States flora: 4. Oleaceae. Sida 5:277.
  7. Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  8. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  9. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States
  12. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  14. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  15. Miller, G. N. 1955. The genus Fraxinus, the ashes, in North America, north of Mexico. Mem. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Sta. 335:36-41.
  16. Nesom, G. L. 2010. Notes on Fraxinus profunda (Oleaceae). Phytoneuron 2010-32:1-6.
  17. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  18. Wallander, E. 2008. Systematics of Fraxinus (Oleaceae) and evolution of dioecy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 273:28.
  19. Whittemore, A. T. et al. 2018. Ploidy variation in Fraxinus L. (Oleaceae) of eastern North America: genome size diversity and taxonomy in a suddenly endangered genus. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 179:377-389. DOI: 10.1086/696688 Note: diploid
  20. Wofford, B. E. Database of Tennessee vascular plants (on-line resource). URL: https://herbarium.utk.edu/vascular/vascular-database.php?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Oleaceae&GenusID=Fraxinus&SpeciesID=pennsylvanica target='_blank'
  21. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  22. 2018. Oklahoma vascular plant database

Check other web resources for Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=306. Accessed 26 August 2019.