Taxon: Anacardium occidentale L.

 
Genus: Anacardium
Family: Anacardiaceae
Subfamily: Anacardioideae
Nomen number: 3060
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:383. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 24-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Mayaguez (MAY)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: beverage base ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: fruit ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: nut ("fruit" actually from swollen pedicel fide Pl Book)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_108.html,)
  • Materials: gum/resin ()
  • Materials: lipids ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Southern America
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  3. de Paiva, J. R. et al. 2009. Chapter 9. Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) breeding: a global perspective (Breed Pl Tree Cr Top) 287-324.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  5. Edições Melhoramentes The new Michaelis illustrated dictionary (Novo Michaelis dicionário ilustrado), ed. 22/24. 1979 (Portuguese Dict)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Fosberg, F. R. et al. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. (L Micrones)
  10. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  14. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  15. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  16. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  17. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  19. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  20. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. Flora of Peru. 1936-1971; new ser. 1980- (F Peru)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Mitchell, J. & S. Mori 1987. The cashew and its relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae) Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 42:38.
  24. Perez Arbelaez, E. Plantas utiles de Colombia. (Use Pl Colomb)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  29. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  30. Standley, P. C. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. (TreesS Mex)
  31. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  32. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  33. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts (Pl Res SEAs) 2:60-64.
  34. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  35. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. (F Panama)
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Anacardium occidentale L. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=3060. Accessed 21 April 2018.