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Taxon: Pyrus syriaca Boiss.

Genus: Pyrus
Section: Pyrus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30600
Place of publication: Diagn. pl. orient. ser. 1, 10:1. 1849
Link to protologue: http://bibdigital.rjb.csic.es/ing/Libro.php?Libro=1397&Pagina=7
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 14-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 18 (14 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Distributional Range:


    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran (w.), Iraq (n.), Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria (w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia (s.)


  1. Al Maarri, K. et al. 2007. Selections of Pyrus syriaca as promising rootstocks for pear cultivars. Acta Hort. 732:217-220.
  2. Browicz, K. 1972. Distribution of woody Rosaceae in westernAsia X. Pyrus syriaca Boiss. and P. glabra Boiss.. Arbor. Kórnickie 17:19.
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  4. Fischer, M. 2009. Pear breeding. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 135-160.
  5. Goldway, M. et al. 2008. Understanding the gametophytic self-incompatibility system and its impact on European pear (Pyrus communis) cultivation. Acta Hort. 800:109-118. Note: Pyrus syriaca as "universal pollenizer"
  6. Hancock, J. F. & G. A. Lobos. 2008. Pears. Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 10:299-335.
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  8. Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313-326. Note: this study did not include Pyrus syriaca, but their analysis of 21 species showed three geographical congruent genotypes, genotype C included "Occidental pears native to Europe, West and Central Asia, Russia, and Africa"
  9. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  10. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  11. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  12. Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217-223.
  13. Sharifani, M. et al. 2008. Mutations in chloroplast DNA revealed relations and discriminations in genus Pyrus. Acta Hort. 800:355-364.
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  15. Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):85.
  16. Zisovich, A. H. et al. 2010. Syrian pear (Pyrus syriaca) as a pollinator for European pear (Pyrus communis) cultivars. Sci. Hort. 125:256-262.
  17. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Pyrus syriaca Boiss. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30600. Accessed 16 July 2019.