Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Raphanus raphanistrum L.

 
Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 30856
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 06-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (4 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • jointed charlock  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • jointed radish  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • jointed wild radish  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sea radish  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • white charlock  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • wild radish  (Source: Invaders Database) - English
  • wild radish   - English (Canada)
  • ravenelle  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • radis sauvage   - French (Canada)
  • Hederich  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • nabiça  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nabo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-de-cavalo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-selvagem  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-silvestre  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanillo blanco  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rabaniza  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rábano silvestre  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • åkerrättika  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt (n.), Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China [Sichuan Sheng, Qinghai Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Sikkim]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • EASTERN CANADA: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Akhani, H. 2003. Notes on the flora of Iran: 4. Two new records and synopsis of the new data on Iranian Cruciferae since Flora Iranica. Candollea 58:379.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  6. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  7. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  8. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  9. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  10. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  11. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 118.
  12. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  13. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  14. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  15. Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  16. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  17. FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209-230. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  18. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  19. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  20. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  21. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  22. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  23. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  24. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  25. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  26. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  27. Hegi, G. et al. 1906-. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  28. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  29. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  30. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  31. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  32. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  33. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  34. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  35. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  36. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  37. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  38. Koelling, V. A. & K. Karoly. 2007. Self-pollen interference is absent in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, Brassicaceae), a species with sporophytic self-incompatibility. Amer. J. Bot. 94:896-900.
  39. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  40. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation)
  41. Kunakh, V. A. et al. 2008. Mixoploidy in wild and cultivated species of Cruciferae capable of hybridizing with rapeseed Brassica napus. Cytol. & Genet. 42:204-209. Note: Translation of: Tsitologiya i genetika. Kiev
  42. Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression. Euphytica 95:127-139. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
  43. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  44. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  45. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  46. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  47. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  48. Pistrick, K. 1987. Untersuchungen zur Systematik der Gattung Raphanus L.. Kulturpflanze 35:225-321.
  49. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  50. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  51. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  52. Sahli, H. F. et al. 2008. Adaptive differentiation of quantitative traits in the globally distributed weed, wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). Genetics 180:945-955.
  53. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  54. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  55. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  56. Snow, A. A. et al. 2001. Fitness of hybrids betweem weedy and cultivated radish: implications for weed evolution. Ecol. Applic. 11:934-939.
  57. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  58. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  59. Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agricultural Handbook no. 505
  60. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  61. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  62. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, ed. 2.
  63. USDA/ARS. INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource).
  64. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/raphanus-raphanistrum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  65. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  66. Warwick, S. I. & A. Francis. 2005. The biology of Canadian weeds. 132. Raphanus raphanistrum L.. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 85:709-733.
  67. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  68. Yamagishi, H. & T. Terachi. 2003. Multiple origins of cultivated radishes as evidenced by a comparison of the structural variations in mitochondrial DNA of Raphanus. Genome 46:89-94.
  69. Yamagishi, H. et al. 2009. Inter- and intraspecific sequence variations of the chloroplast genome in wild and cultivated Raphanus. Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:172-177.
  70. Yamame, K. et al. 2005. Chloroplast DNA variations of cultivated radish and its wild relatives. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 168:627-634.
  71. Yamane, K. et al. 2009. Multiple origins and high genetic diversity of cultivated radish inferred from polymorphism in chloroplast simple sequence repeats. Breed. Sci. 59:55-65.
  72. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  73. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Raphanus raphanistrum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30856. Accessed 16 September 2019.