Taxon: Raphanus sativus L.

 
Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 30857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Sep-1994
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 1230 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for cabbage/kale (fide Biol Breed Crucifer 322. 2009, mentions the commercial use of the CMS Ogura system in B. oleracea)
  • Gene sources: cytoplasmic male sterility for mustard (fide Theor Appl Gen 91:517. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on hybrids with Brassica carinata fide Euphytica 158:213. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of arugula (fide Cruc Newsl 12:7. 1987)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of black mustard (based on a record of hybrid formation with Brassica nigra by ovary culture fide Guide Germ Brassica)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of cabbage/kale (fide Pl Breed(NY) 121:168. 2002, records hybrids with Brassica oleracea through embryo rescue)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:517-521. 1995)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape (fide Theor Appl Genet 83:887. 1992)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, cites several successful hybridization studies with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of white mustard (based on records of hybrids with Sinapis alba using embryo rescue fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . origin unknown

    Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa - Limpopo
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Kuwait; Oman; Qatar; Saudi Arabia; United Arab Emirates; Yemen
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Hungary
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Norway
    • Southeastern Europe: Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; New Caledonia
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Barbados; Bermuda; Cuba; Hispaniola; Puerto Rico
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Misiones; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

References:

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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Raphanus sativus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image