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Taxon: Raphanus sativus L.

 
Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 30857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1231 (772 active, 687 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Limpopo]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Bermuda, Cuba, Hispaniola, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Misiones] Uruguay


    Other (origin unknown)

References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Raphanus_sativus_K/ target='_blank'
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  5. Arumugam, N. et al. 2002. Synthesis of somatic hybrids (RCBB) by fusing heat-tolerant Raphanus sativus (RR) and Brassica oleracea (CC) with Brassica nigra (BB). Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:168-170.
  6. Bang, S. W. et al. 1997. Production of new intergeneric hybrids between Raphanus sativus and Brassica wild species. Breed. Sci. 47:223-228.
  7. Bett, K. E. & D. J. Lydiate. 2003. Genetic analysis and genome mapping in Raphanus. Genome 46:423-430.
  8. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  9. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  10. Campbell, L. G. & A. A. Snow. 2009. Can feral weeds evolve from cultivated radish (Raphanus sativus, Brassicaceae)?. Amer. J. Bot. 96:498-506.
  11. Chen, H. G. & J. S. Wu. 2008. Characterization of fertile amphidiploid between Raphanus sativus and Brassica alboglabra and the crossability with Brassica species. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:143-150.
  12. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  13. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  14. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  15. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  16. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
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  19. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith. 2008. Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279.
  20. FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209-230. Note: Netherlands journal of plant breeding
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  22. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Raphanus+sativus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
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  26. Hegi, G. et al. 1986. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa 4(1):503. Note: ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
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  31. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  32. Kalia, P. 2009. Chapter 16. Genetic improvement in vegetable crucifers. Biology and breeding of Crucifers 310-342. Note: CRC Press, Hoboken
  33. Kirti, P. B. et al. 1995. Transfer of Ogu cytoplasmic male sterility to Brassica juncea and improvement of the male sterile line through somatic cell fusion. Theor. Appl. Genet. 91:517-521.
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  35. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  36. Lelivelt, C. L. C. & F. A. Krens. 1992. Transfer of resistance to the beet cyst nematode (Heterodera schachtii Schm.) into the Brassica napus L. gene pool through intergeneric somatic hybridization with Raphanus sativus L.. Theor. Appl. Genet. 83:887-894.
  37. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  38. Mansfeld, R. 1959. Die Kulturpflanze, Beiheft 2.
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  46. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  47. Pradhan, A. K. et al. 1992. Phylogeny of Brassica and allied genera based on variation in chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA patterns: molecular and taxonomic classifications are incongruous. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85:331-340.
  48. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  49. Ridley, C. E. et al. 2008. Bidirectional history of hybridization in California wild radish, Raphanus sativus (Brassicaceae), as revealed by chloroplast DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 95:1437-1442. Note: this study examined the origin and parentage of 11 populations of the California wild radish; it recognized eight haplotypes (A-H), of which one was unique for this taxon, and other haplotypes were shared with Raphanus sativus (23% of individuals) and R. raphanistrum (64% of individuals); a haplotype network analysis revealed two clusters (A-C and D-H); this study also showed that R. sativus and R. raphanistrum did not share common cpDNA haplotypes; California wild radish shared three haplotypes with R. raphanistrum, and two with R. sativus, and there was not haplotype geographical structure suggesting multiple introductions especially from Europe
  50. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 8:233.
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  57. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/brassicaceae/raphanus-sativus/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  58. Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i
  59. Wang, N. et al. 2008. Genetic diversity of radish (Raphanus sativus) germplasms and relationships among worldwide accessions analyzed with AFLP markers. Breed. Sci. 58:107-112.
  60. Warwick, S. I. & L. D. Black. 1991. Molecular systematics of Brassica and allied genera (Subtribe Brassicinae, Brassiceae) - chloroplast genome and cytodeme congruence. Theor. Appl. Genet. 82:81-92.
  61. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2006. Brassicaceae: Species checklist and database on CD-Rom. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:249-258. Note: lists in database
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  63. Yamagishi, H. & T. Terachi. 2003. Multiple origins of cultivated radishes as evidenced by a comparison of the structural variations in mitochondrial DNA of Raphanus. Genome 46:89-94.
  64. Yamagishi, H. et al. 2009. Inter- and intraspecific sequence variations of the chloroplast genome in wild and cultivated Raphanus. Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:172-177.
  65. Yamame, K. et al. 2005. Chloroplast DNA variations of cultivated radish and its wild relatives. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 168:627-634.
  66. Yang, Y.-W. et al. 2002. A study of the phylogeny of Brassica rapa, B. nigra, Raphanus sativus, and their related genera using noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 23:268-275.
  67. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Raphanus sativus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30857. Accessed 16 September 2019.