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Taxon: Raphanus sativus L.

 
Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 30857
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Feb-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Sep-1994
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 1231 (772 active, 1053 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Limpopo]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland, Norway
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Barbados, Bermuda, Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • BRAZIL: Brazil (s.)
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Misiones] Uruguay


    Other (origin unknown)

References:

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  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  6. Arumugam, N. et al. 2002. Synthesis of somatic hybrids (RCBB) by fusing heat-tolerant Raphanus sativus (RR) and Brassica oleracea (CC) with Brassica nigra (BB) Pl. Breed. (New York) 121:168-170.
  7. Bang, S. W. et al. 1997. Production of new intergeneric hybrids between Raphanus sativus and Brassica wild species Breed. Sci. 47:223-228.
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  12. Chen, H. G. & J. S. Wu 2008. Characterization of fertile amphidiploid between Raphanus sativus and Brassica alboglabra and the crossability with Brassica species Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:143-150.
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Check other web resources for Raphanus sativus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30857. Accessed 16 November 2018.