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Taxon: Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz

 
Genus: Rauvolfia
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Nomen number: 30895
Place of publication: Forest fl. Burma 2:171. 1877
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Medicines: source of ajmalicine, rescinnamine, & reserpine (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):430. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands]


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa]


References:

  1. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java.
  2. CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Rauvolfia+serpentina&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  10. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  11. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  12. Hendrian & D. J. Middleton. 1999. Revision of Rauvolfia (Apocynaceae) in Malesia. Blumea 44:460-462.
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):430.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  20. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  21. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  22. Woodson, R. E., Jr. et al. 1957. Rauwolfia: botany, pharmacognosy, chemistry and pharmacology.
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  24. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30895. Accessed 23 July 2019.