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Taxon: Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel.

 
Genus: Rauvolfia
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae
Tribe: Vinceae
Nomen number: 30897
Place of publication: Stirp. Guinea med. 1. 1817
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Aug-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • African serpentwood  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • African snakeroot  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • poison devil-pepper  (Source: PROTA4U) - English
  • swizzle-stick-tree  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • Brech-Teufelspfeffer  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • berenquete  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • kräkbuske  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cui tu luo fu mu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • asofeyeje  (Source: AgroForest Tree) - Yoruba

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter (as shade tree for cacao and coffee)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola


    Cultivated



    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)


    Naturalized

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Berhaut, J. 1971-. Flore illustrée du Senegal.
  3. Brenan, J. P. M. & P. J. Greenway. 1949. Check-lists of the forest trees and shrubs of the British empire, No. 5, Tanganyika territory, Part II.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  8. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  9. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  10. Keay, R. W. J. et al. 1960-1964. Nigerian trees.
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  13. Woodson, R. E., Jr. et al. 1957. Rauwolfia: botany, pharmacognosy, chemistry and pharmacology.
  14. World Agroforestry Centre, ICRAF-SEA. AgroForestry Tree database (on-line resource).
  15. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  16. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Rauvolfia vomitoria Afzel. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=30897. Accessed 21 September 2019.