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Taxon: Rhamnus cathartica L.

 
Genus: Rhamnus
Family: Rhamnaceae
Tribe: Rhamneae
Nomen number: 31018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:193. 1753 "catharticus"
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 31-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 12 (7 active, 4 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: shade/shelter
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.), Turkey (n.)
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation, [Altay] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (n.), Italy (incl. Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. BernhardSmith, A. 1923. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. Note: poisonous
  3. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. Note: introduced
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. Note: introduced
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  15. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  18. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  19. Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541
  20. Mathre, D. E. 1997. Compendium of barley diseases. The disease compendium series.
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Moldenke, H. N. 1951. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. Note: poisonous
  23. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  24. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  25. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  26. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  27. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  28. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  29. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. Note: introduced
  30. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. Note: introduced
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Zohary, M. et al. 1980-. Conspectus florae orientalis.
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Rhamnus cathartica L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Rhamnus cathartica cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=31018. Accessed 20 August 2019.