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Taxon: Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.

 
Genus: Bursera
Family: Burseraceae
Nomen number: 310563
Place of publication: Garden & Forest 3:260. 1890
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • West Indian-birch  (Source: F LAnt) - English
  • bois de gommier blanc  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • gumbo limbo  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • palo jiote  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish
  • palo mulato  (Source: F Guat) - Spanish (Mexico)
  • amerikanskt balsamträd  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support; ornamental
  • Fuels:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida (s.)]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Guyana, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Amazonas, Roraima]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Bursera+simaruba&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Fournet, J. 1978. Flore illustrée des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique
  7. Gooding, E. G. et al. 1965. Flora of Barbados.
  8. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  10. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  13. Liogier, H. A. 1984-. Descriptive flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands.
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. McVaugh, R. & J. Rzedowski. 1965. Synopsis of the genus Bursera L. in western Mexico, with notes on the material of Bursera collected by Sessé & Mociño. Kew Bull. 18:354-355.
  17. Moscoso, R. M. 1943. Catalogus florae domingensis.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Rzedowski, J. & G. Rzedowski, eds. 1991-. Flora del Bajio y de regiones adyacentes.
  21. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  22. Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721. Note: = Elaphrium
  23. Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. 1995-. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. Note: Missouri Botanical Garden & Timber Press
  24. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama.

Check other web resources for Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310563. Accessed 20 August 2019.