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Taxon: Stellaria media (L.) Vill.

 
Genus: Stellaria
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Alsinoideae
Tribe: Alsineae
Nomen number: 310864
Place of publication: Hist. pl. Dauphiné 3:615. 1789 (D. M. L. Cirillo, Essent. pl. char. comment. xxxvi. 1784, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • authorship verified from original literature
  • • Cirillo did not make this combination, only citing "Alsine (media)" of Linnaeus under Stellaria
Name Verified on: 22-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • chickweed  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • common chickweed  (Source: AH 505) - English
  • chickweed   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • mouron des oiseaux  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • stellaire moyenne  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Vogelmiere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Vogel-Sternmiere  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ko-ha-kobe  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • morugem  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • alsine  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • esparguta  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • mastruço-do-brejo  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • morrião-branco  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • morrião-de-inverno  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • morrião-dos-passarinhos  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • pamplina  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • picagallina  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • våtarv  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • fan lu  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea [Bioko]
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Guinea
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range in Asia obscure, probable origin Eurasia)

References:

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  2. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
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  14. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
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  19. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
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  73. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  74. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Stellaria media (L.) Vill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=310864. Accessed 19 November 2019.