Taxon: Ceratophyllum demersum L.

 
Genus: Ceratophyllum
Family: Ceratophyllaceae
Nomen number: 310925
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:992. 1753
Name Verified on: 12-Nov-1993 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed13)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Noxweed Aust)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, - Gauteng, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - Western Cape; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Mali; Mauritania; Nigeria; Senegal; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Fujian, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Henan, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jiangsu, - Jilin, - Nei Monggol, - Ningxia, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, - Tuva, - Yakutia-Sakha, - Altay, - Krasnoyarsk, - Chita, - Tyumen
    • Western Asia: Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India
    • Malesia: Borneo; Indonesia - Java; Philippines
    • Papuasia: New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Victoria, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Quebec, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - New Brunswick
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - Nebraska, - North Dakota, - Oklahoma, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Delaware, - Florida, - Georgia, - Kentucky, - Louisiana, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Saskatchewan, - Alberta, - Manitoba, - British Columbia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba; Jamaica; Puerto Rico; Trinidad and Tobago
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. 1963-1968 (F Java)
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13. 1984 (L Cape)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. 1981 (L Georgia)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Eriksson, O. et al. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2. 1979 (L Macar ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. Flora intramongolica. 1977- (F InnMong)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten Aquatic and wetland plants of southeastern United States, 2 vol. 1979-1981 (Aquat SE US)
  • Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  • Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 1954 (F Colo)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. 1979 (F Manshur)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika. 1966-1972 (F Namib)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. 1964 (F Carolin)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. 1958 (F LowYangtze)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wilmot-Dear, C. M. 1985. Ceratophyllum revised: a study in fruit and leaf variation Kew Bull. 40:243-271.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ceratophyllum demersum L. :

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image