Taxon: Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton

Genus: Senegalia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
      Tribe: Acacieae
Nomen number: 314620
Place of publication: N. L. Britton & P. Wilson, Bot. Porto Rico 6:538. 1930 (Sci. Surv. Porto Rico & Virgin Isl.)
Name Verified on: 07-Mar-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-May-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide Trop Leg)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Trop Leg)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Trop Leg)
  • Human food: gum/mucilage (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Trop Leg)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, - Limpopo, - Mpumalanga, - North West; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Rwanda; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Sudan
    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India


  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  • Assoumane, A. et al. 2013. Highlighting the occurrence of tetraploidy in Acacia senegal (L.) Willd. and genetic variation patterns in its natural range revealed by DNA microsatellite markers Tree Genet. Genomes 9:93-106.
  • Kyalangalilwa, B. & J. S. Boatwright 2013. Phylogenetic position and revised classification of Acacia s.l. (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) in Africa, including new combinations in Vachellia and Senegalia Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172:510.
  • Pedley, L. 1986. Derivation and dispersal of Acacia (Leguminosae), with particular reference to Australia, and the recognition of Senegalia and Racosperma Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 92:238.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Seigler, D. S. et al. 2006. The genus Senegalia (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae) from the New World (Phytologia) 88:47.


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