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Taxon: Plantago afra L.

 
Genus: Plantago
Subgenus: Psyllium
Section: Psyllium
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Plantagineae
Nomen number: 316475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:167. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Feb-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 07-Jan-2003
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • African plantain  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • black psyllium  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • glandular plantain  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • psyllium  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • herbes aux puces  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pilicaire  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • plantain africain  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • psyllium   - French
  • Flohkraut  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • scharzer Flohsame  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • erva-das-pulgas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • zaragatona  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • loppfrö  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • blošnaja trava  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: stabilizer (as P. psyllium); thickening agent (as P. psyllium)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (found in open fields, meadows, dunes, etc.)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2006. (1714-1715) Proposal to reject the names Plantago psyllium and Plantago cynops (Plantaginaceae) (Taxon) 55:235-237.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  12. L'Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament 2012. Pharmacopée française – Liste A des plantes médicinales utilisees traditionnellement 24.
  13. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  14. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  16. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  18. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):401.
  19. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  24. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  25. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Plantago afra L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316475. Accessed 17 February 2019.