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Taxon: Plantago afra L.

 
Genus: Plantago
Subgenus: Psyllium
Section: Psyllium
Family: Plantaginaceae
Tribe: Plantagineae
Nomen number: 316475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:167. 1762
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Feb-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • African plantain  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • black psyllium  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • glandular plantain  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • psyllium  (Source: Pl Book) - English
  • herbes aux puces  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • pilicaire  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • plantain africain  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • psyllium   - French
  • Flohkraut  (Source: Zander ed14) - German
  • scharzer Flohsame  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • erva-das-pulgas  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • zaragatona  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • loppfrö  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • blošnaja trava  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: stabilizer (as P. psyllium) thickening agent (as P. psyllium)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (found in open fields, meadows, dunes, etc.)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Tanzania

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Turkmenistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976-. Flora of Libya.
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2006. (1714-1715) Proposal to reject the names Plantago psyllium and Plantago cynops (Plantaginaceae). Taxon 55:235-237.
  4. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  10. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  12. L'Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament. 2012. Pharmacopée française – Liste A des plantes médicinales utilisees traditionnellement. 24. URL: http://ansm.sante.fr/var/ansm_site/storage/original/application/b2bf6a79e477c97ad5931c04aa62ba4d.pdf target='_blank'
  13. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 Note: = Plantago psyllium L., but may refer to P. psyllium auct.
  14. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  16. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  17. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  18. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(1):401.
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  21. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  22. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  25. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Plantago afra L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316475. Accessed 17 September 2019.