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Taxon: Carduus pycnocephalus L.

 
Genus: Carduus
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Carduoideae
Tribe: Cardueae
Subtribe: Carduinae
Nomen number: 316603
Place of publication: Sp. pl. ed. 2, 2:1151. 1763
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-Feb-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Jammu and Kashmir] Pakistan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman (s.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New York, Pennsylvania]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Oregon]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, South Carolina]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2 Note: = Carduus australis L. f.
  11. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  13. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  15. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  16. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  17. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  19. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  20. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  23. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  24. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  25. Ryder, E. J. 1999. Lettuce, endive and chicory. Crop Prod. Sci. Hort. 9:134.
  26. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  27. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds

Check other web resources for Carduus pycnocephalus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316603. Accessed 21 October 2019.