Taxon: Cyperus rotundus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
  Subfamily: Cyperoideae
      Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 316644
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Human food: vegetable (famine food fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Kew Bull 56:305. 2001)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_60.html,)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Ceylon; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):228. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Tucker, Syst Bot M 1994; Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Other:

    . native status in New World uncertain

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan; Yemen - Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia; Western Sahara
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Ghana; Guinea; Mali; Mauritania; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros; Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Gansu, - Guangdong, - Guangxi, - Guizhou, - Hebei, - Henan, - Jiangsu, - Jiangxi, - Shaanxi, - Shandong, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Yunnan, - Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: India - Andaman and Nicobar; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; U.S. Outlying Islands - Wake Island

  • Naturalized:

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - New South Wales, - Northern Territory, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Western Australia
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Missouri
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Sur, - Chihuahua, - Nuevo Leon, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Sonora, - Tamaulipas, - Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Florida, - Georgia, - Louisiana, - Mississippi, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Tennessee, - Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Guerrero, - Jalisco, - Michoacan, - Oaxaca, - Tabasco, - Veracruz, - Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands; French Polynesia - Society Islands, - Tuamotu Archipelago
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji; Niue; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla; Aruba; Bahamas; Barbados; Cayman Islands; Cuba; Dominica; Guadeloupe; Hispaniola; Jamaica; Martinique; Netherlands Antilles; Puerto Rico; St. Lucia; Trinidad and Tobago; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. et al. Flora of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 78:1-581. 1996 (F St John)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Boggan, J. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guianas, ed. 2. 1997 (L Guianas ed2)
  • Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. 1995 (L Egypt)
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  • Burkill, H. M. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 1985-2004 (Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. 1980- (F Ceylon)
  • Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. 1994 (F Mesoamer)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Foreman, D. B. & N. G. Walsh Flora of Victoria. 1993- (F Victoria)
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. 1992 (L Oman)
  • Govaerts, R. & D. A. Simpson World checklist of Cyperaceae, sedges. 2007 (L Cyperaceae)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Haines, R. W. & K. A. Lye Sedges and rushes of East Africa. 1983 (Sedge EAfr)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Harden, G. J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 1990-1993 (F NSWales)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jessop, J. P. & H. R. Toelken, eds. Flora of South Australia, ed. 4. 1986 (F SAust)
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. 1953-1972 (F WT Afr)
  • Keys, J. D. Chinese herbs: their botany, chemistry, and pharmacodynamics. 1976 (Chin Herbs)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. 1988-1990 (F Saudi ed3)
  • Molina G., A. M. 2011. Review of Cyperaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 31 Mar.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:95.
  • National Institute for the Control of Pharmaceutical & Biological Products Colour atlas of Chinese traditional drugs, Vol 1. 1987 (Atlas Chin Drugs)
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. 1998 (Med Pl Korea)
  • Norton, J. et al. Illustrated checklist of the flora of Qatar. 2009 (Ill L Qatar)
  • Núñez Meléndez, E. Plantas medicinales de Puerto Rico: Folklore y fundamentos científicos. 1982 (Pl Med PR)
  • Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). 1965 (F JapanOhwi)
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):228.
  • Parrotta, J. A. Healing plants of peninsular India. 2001 (Healing Pl India)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Proctor, G. R. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Kew Bulletin Additional Series XI. 1984 (F Cayman)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rogers, G. & B. McClain 1998. The sedges (Cyperaceae) of Barbados (Rhodora) 100:398.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Simpson, D. A. & C. A. Inglis 2001. Cyperaceae of economic, ethnobotanical and horticultural importance: a checklist Kew Bull. 56:305-306.
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. 1979-1991 (F Viti)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark 1958. Flora of Guatemala. 1946-1976 (F Guat) 24(part 1):136.
  • Stanley, T. D. & E. M. Ross Flora of south-eastern Queensland. 1983-1989 (F SE Queensl)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. 1948- (F Males)
  • Steyermark, J. A. et al., eds. Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana. 1995- (F VenGuay)
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. Agric. Handb. no. 505. 1986 (AH 505)
  • Thulin, M., ed. Flora of Somalia. 1993- (F Somalia)
  • Tirtha, SadaShiva The Ayurveda encyclopedia: Natural secrets to healing, prevention, and longevity. 1998 (Ayurveda Ency)
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tucker, G. C. 1994. Revision of the Mexican species of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 43:101-103.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:108.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. 1996, 1999 (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Cyperus rotundus L. :