Taxon: Cyperus rotundus L.

Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 316644
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Human food: vegetable (famine food fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Animal food: forage (fide Kew Bull 56:305. 2001)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Ceylon; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):228. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Tucker, Syst Bot M 1994; Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:



  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde ; Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Middle Atlantic Ocean: St. Helena
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad ; Djibouti ; Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Somalia ; Sudan ; Yemen Socotra
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia ; Western Sahara
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola ; Malawi ; Mozambique ; Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia ; South Africa ; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cote D'Ivoire ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Niger ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi ; Equatorial Guinea ; Gabon ; Rwanda ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Comoros ; Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Reunion ; Seychelles
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Saudi Arabia ; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea ; Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: India Andaman and Nicobar; Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Pacific

    • Northwestern Pacific: Marshall Islands ; Micronesia ; Northern Mariana Islands ; U.S. Outlying Islands Wake Island

  • Naturalized

  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia
  • Northern America

    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Missouri
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States New Mexico, Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • South-Central Pacific: Cook Islands ; French Polynesia Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji ; Niue ; Tonga
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Caribbean: Anguilla ; Aruba ; Bahamas ; Barbados ; Cayman Islands ; Cuba ; Dominica ; Guadeloupe ; Hispaniola ; Jamaica ; Martinique ; Netherlands Antilles ; Puerto Rico ; St. Lucia ; Trinidad and Tobago ; Virgin Islands (British) ; Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • Central America: Belize ; Costa Rica ; El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras ; Nicaragua ; Panama
    • Northern South America: French Guiana ; Guyana ; Suriname ; Venezuela
    • Southern South America: Argentina
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Colombia ; Ecuador ; Peru


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