Taxon: Cyperus rotundus L.

 
Genus: Cyperus
Family: Cyperaceae
Subfamily: Cyperoideae
Tribe: Cypereae
Nomen number: 316644
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:45. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 09-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Arctic and Subarctic Plant Gene Bank (PALM)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests ()
  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Human food: vegetable (famine food fide Use Pl WT Afr)
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_60.html,)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F Ceylon; Pl Res SEAs 12(1):228. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Tucker, Syst Bot M 1994; Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde, Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • MIDDLE ATLANTIC OCEAN: St. Helena
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, Western Sahara
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen [Socotra]
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Seychelles

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, U.S. Outlying Islands [Wake Island]


    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia]

    Northern America
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacan, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia [Society Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Anguilla, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


    Other (native status in New World uncertain)

References:

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Check other web resources for Cyperus rotundus L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316644. Accessed 22 May 2018.