Taxon: Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz

 
Genus: Erucastrum
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 316670
Place of publication: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54(Beibl. 119):56. 1916
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Apr-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • bracted rocket  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dog mustard  (Source: Sida) - English
  • French rocket  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • hairy rocket  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • rocketweed  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • französische Hundsrauke  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • kålsenap  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: bridge species for Abyssinian cabbage (based on the use of (E. gallicum) B. juncea allopolyploid as bridge species due to useful cytoplasmic traits in E. gallicum)
  • Gene sources: bridge species for mustard (based on the use of (E. gallicum) B. juncea allopolyploid as bridge species due to useful cytoplasmic traits in E. gallicum)
  • Gene sources: bridge species for rape (based on the use of (E. gallicum) B. juncea allopolyploid as bridge species due to useful cytoplasmic traits in E. gallicum)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in mustard (for disease resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, based on reports of successful crosses with Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip (based on reports of successful crosses with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on records of hybrids with Brassica carinata using embryo rescue fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, reporting hybrid formation by embryo rescue with Brassica juncea)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (of disturbed areas, introduced in the US)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (n.w.), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain (n.e.)


    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland (s.), Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy, Romania, Serbia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada [Northwest Territory]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada, [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec] St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Maryland]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. (F Bahamas)
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  7. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  8. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  9. Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression (Euphytica) 95:127-139.
  10. Luken, J. O. et al. 1993. Erucastrum gallicum (Brassicaceae): invasion and spread in North America (Sida) 15:569-582.
  11. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  12. Rao, G. U. et al. 1998. Isolation of useful variants in alloplasmic crop bassicas in the cytoplasmic background of Erucastrum gallicum (Euphytica) 103:301-306.
  13. Rollins, R. C. The Cruciferae of continental North America. 1993 (Cruc NAmer)
  14. Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 196-230.
  15. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  16. Warwick, S. I. & D. A. Wall 1998. The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 78:155-166.
  17. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2003. Hybridization between transgenic Brassica napus L. and its wild relatives: Brassica rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sinapis arvensis, and Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:528-539.
  18. Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.

Check other web resources for Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316670. Accessed 19 June 2018.