Taxon: Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz

 
Genus: Erucastrum
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
      Tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 316670
Place of publication: Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54(Beibl. 119):56. 1916
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 11-Apr-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 11-Apr-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • bracted rocket  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dog mustard  (Source: Sida) - English
  • French rocket  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • hairy rocket  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • rocketweed  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • französische Hundsrauke  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • kålsenap  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Gene sources: gene transfer for rape (fide Euphytica 103:301. 1998, based on the use of (E. gallicum) B. juncea allopolyploid as bridge species)
  • Gene sources: potential for disease resistance in mustard (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, for disease resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of rape (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, based on reports of successful crosses with Brassica napus)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of turnip (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, based on reports of successful crosses with Brassica rapa)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Abyssinian cabbage (based on records of hybrids with Brassica carinata using embryo rescue fide Warwick et al. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard (fide Euphytica 95:127. 1997, reporting hybrid formation by embryo rescue with Brassica juncea)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (of disturbed areas, introduced in the US fide F CalifJep; Sida 15:569-582. 1993)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic; Germany; Slovakia
    • Northern Europe: Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Italy; Romania; Serbia
    • Southwestern Europe: France
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Florida, - Kentucky, - Maryland
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Bahamas

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info) (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll Flora of the Bahama archipelago. 1982 (F Bahamas)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. 1984- (L Medit)
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression (Euphytica) 95:127-139.
  • Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression (Euphytica) 95:127-139.
  • Luken, J. O. et al. 1993. Erucastrum gallicum (Brassicaceae): invasion and spread in North America (Sida) 15:569-582.
  • Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. 1982 (F Ital)
  • Rao, G. U. et al. 1998. Isolation of useful variants in alloplasmic crop bassicas in the cytoplasmic background of Erucastrum gallicum (Euphytica) 103:301-306.
  • Rao, G. U. et al. 1998. Isolation of useful variants in alloplasmic crop bassicas in the cytoplasmic background of Erucastrum gallicum (Euphytica) 103:301-306.
  • Rollins, R. C. The Cruciferae of continental North America. 1993 (Cruc NAmer)
  • Snowdon, R. et al. 2007. Chapter 7. Brassica oilseeds (Genet Res Chrom Crop) 196-230.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, second edition. 1993 (F Eur ed2)
  • Warwick, S. I. & D. A. Wall 1998. The biology of Canadian weeds. 108. Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O.E. Schulz Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 78:155-166.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2003. Hybridization between transgenic Brassica napus L. and its wild relatives: Brassica rapa L., Raphanus raphanistrum L., Sinapis arvensis, and Erucastrum gallicum (Willd.) O. E. Schulz Theor. Appl. Genet. 107:528-539.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2009. PART III. Interspecific and intergeneric hybridization data (Guide Germ Brassica) 1-91.

Synonyms:

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