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Taxon: Euphorbia maculata L.

 
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Euphorbioideae
Tribe: Euphorbieae
Subtribe: Euphorbiinae
Nomen number: 316683
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:455. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • milk-purslane  (Source: Glea Cron ed2) - English
  • spotted sandmat  (Source: F Florida) - English
  • spotted spurge  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • hairy-fruited spurge   - English (Canada)
  • euphorbe tachetée   - French (Canada)
  • gefleckte Wolfsmilch  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • ko-nishiki-sō  (Source: F JapanOhwi) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • lechosilla  (Source: pers. comm.) - Spanish
  • fläcktörel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, New Brunswick]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Adventive

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Egypt [Sinai]


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Taiwan

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Hungary, Switzerland
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • United States (w.)

    Southern America
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 164.
  3. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  4. Govaerts, R. et al. 2000. World checklist and bibliography of Euphorbiaceae
  5. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  6. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  7. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California Note: = Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small
  8. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan. Note: = Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small
  9. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  10. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  11. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants
  12. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  13. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  14. Riina, R. 2011. Review of Euphorbiaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2. pers. comm. via e-mail on 11 Jan.
  15. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1968. Flora europaea. 2:216.
  16. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  17. Yatskievych, G. 1999-. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, revised edition
  18. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996, 1999. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74.

Check other web resources for Euphorbia maculata L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316683. Accessed 8 December 2019.