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Taxon: Trianthema portulacastrum L.

 
Genus: Trianthema
Family: Aizoaceae
Tribe: Sesuvieae
Nomen number: 316925
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:223. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: species epithet published as a noun and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Shenzhen ICN Art. 23.5)
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-Apr-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (host of beet leafhopper)
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong Sheng, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, [Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, U.S.] Virgin Islands (British)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland, Western Australia (n.), Northern Territory]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960-. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  2. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  3. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  4. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  5. Cufodontis, G. 1953-1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  6. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  10. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  11. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. 1978-. Flora de Veracruz.
  12. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  13. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973-. Flora of Ecuador.
  14. Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. 2001. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z F-Z:335. Note: lists as "portulacastra"
  15. Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  17. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  18. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  22. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  23. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  24. Merrill, E. D. 1922-1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  25. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996-. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1970-. Flora of Thailand.
  28. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  29. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  30. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/aizoaceae/trianthema-portulacastrum/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'
  31. Wiggins, I. L. 1980. Flora of Baja California.
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  33. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  34. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Trianthema portulacastrum L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316925. Accessed 20 July 2019.