Taxon: Trianthema portulacastrum L.

 
Genus: Trianthema
Family: Aizoaceae
Tribe: Sesuvieae
Nomen number: 316925
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:223. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: species epithet published as a noun and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Apr-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (host of beet leafhopper)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; L Belize NY)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong, Hainan]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • Mexico

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


    Naturalized



    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius, Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Israel

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia (n.)]


    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  4. Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  7. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  12. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  13. Gómez-Pompa, A. & V. Sosa, eds. Flora de Veracruz. (F Veracruz)
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  15. Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. Flora of Ecuador. (F Ecuador)
  16. Hartmann, H. E. K., ed. Illustrated handbook of succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E & Aizoaceae F-Z. 2001 (Ill Hdb Succ Pl Aizo) F-Z:335.
  17. Hickman, J. C., ed. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California. 1993 (F CalifJep)
  18. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  19. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  20. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  21. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  22. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  23. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  24. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  26. Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  27. Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. (F Arabia)
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  29. Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. Flora of Thailand. (F Thailand)
  30. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  31. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  32. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  33. Wiggins, I. L. Flora of Baja California. (F Baja)
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Trianthema portulacastrum L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=316925. Accessed 21 June 2018.