Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L.

 
Genus: Hordeum
  Subgenus: Hordeum
    Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Pooideae
      Tribe: Triticeae
        Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317403
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Name Verified on: 29-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jul-2015
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 788 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide CultTropS)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock when infected with certain fungi, fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan
    • China: China - Sichuan, - Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece - Crete

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand

  • Cultivated:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Mauritania; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia - Java
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Mexico; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. 1961- (F NZeal)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley Agronomy 26:29.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. 1972- (Intermt F)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. 1980- (F Aust)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. 1984- (F Bhutan)
  • Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals (Pl Res SEAs) 10:99.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. 1982 (Mult Glossary Crops)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  • Peirce, A. The American Pharmaceutical Association practical guide to natural medicines. 1999 (Pract Guide Nat Med)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:401.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. 1966- (F Iraq)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. 1976 (F Okin)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. 1997 (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)

Synonyms:

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