Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L.

Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeum
Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317403
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 29-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jul-2015
Species priority site is: National Small Grains Collection (NSGC)
Accessions: 631 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Cover Crop Database)
  • Animal food: fodder (fide CultTropS)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock when infected with certain fungi, fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Egypt ; Libya
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan
    • China: China Sichuan, Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
    • Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Egypt Sinai; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Greece Crete

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Eastern Asia: Korea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania
    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea ; Ethiopia
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt ; Libya ; Morocco ; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Zambia ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Mauritania ; Nigeria
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain ; Saudi Arabia ; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Jordan ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia Java
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Iceland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Croatia ; Italy ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Canada ; Mexico ; United States
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil
    • Central America: El Salvador ; Guatemala ; Honduras
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Bolivia ; Ecuador ; Peru


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  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  • Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley Agronomy 26:29.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cronquist, A. et al. Intermountain flora. (Intermt F)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
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  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
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  • International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
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  • Pankin, A. et al. 2018. Targeted resequencing reveals genomic signatures of barley domestication New Phytol. doi: 10.1111/nph.15077
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
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  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:401.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
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  • Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource). (Cover Crop Database)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


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