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Taxon: Hordeum vulgare L.

 
Genus: Hordeum
Subgenus: Hordeum
Section: Hordeum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Triticeae
Subtribe: Hordeinae
Nomen number: 317403
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:84. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358103
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 29-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 811 (646 active, 605 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (to livestock when infected with certain fungi, fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Egypt (n.), Libya (n.e.)

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Sichuan Sheng (w.), Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece [Crete]


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mauritania, Nigeria (n.)
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (c.), Thailand
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Jawa (e.)]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sardinia), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Hordeum_vulgare_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Bothmer, R. von & N. Jacobsen. 1985. Origin, taxonomy, and related species. In D. C. Rasmusson, ed., Barley. Agronomy 26:29.
  6. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hordeum+vulgare&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  13. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58 Note: mentions
  14. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  15. Grubben, G. J. H. & Soetjipto Partohardjono, eds. 1996. Cereals. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 10:99.
  16. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  17. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  18. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  19. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  20. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  21. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  23. Pankin, A. et al. 2018. Targeted resequencing reveals genomic signatures of barley domestication. New Phytol. 218:1247-1259. DOI: 10.1111/nph.15077
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica. Note: treats under Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch
  27. Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics
  28. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:247-248.
  29. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:401.
  30. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq. Note: treats under Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch
  31. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  32. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR Note: treats under Hordeum spontaneum K. Koch
  33. University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  34. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  35. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Hordeum vulgare L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=317403. Accessed 22 November 2019.